COLLEGE OF FURTHER EDUCATION
Learner Name: Kristiyan Karadzhinov
Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects Questions Answers
Identify current legislation, guidelines, policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication
Health and Safety at Work Act
The Medicines Act
The Misuse of Drugs Act The Health and Social Care Act (Regulated Activities) and the Essential Standards, The RPS Handling Medicines in Social Care Guidelines, Health Act 2006 etc.
Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects
Paracetamol-The side effects of paracetamol are including erythematous or urticarial rashes, fever, nausea and Mucosal lesions in rarely case it can includes Neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and pancytopenia.
Aspirin = The possible side effects of using an aspirin are bloody, or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds also we can see severe nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain, fever lasting longer than 3 days, swelling.
Analgin- After longer administration can be observed agranulocytosis, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, proteinuria, interstitial nephritis. In sensitive patients we can see side effects such as rashes, asthmatic attacks, and very rarely anaphylactic shock are possible.
Identify medication which the measurement of specific physiological measurements
Drugs like insulin in where the blood has to be taken from a pinprick so that glucose can be measured before the insulin can be given. When we need to thin the blood very useful will be warfarin. The blood levels should be checked regularly.
If we need to slow and steady the heart we should using digoxin while giving it the pulse has to be checked prior to administration and advice taken if the pulse dips below 60 beats per minute.
Describe the common adverse reactions to medication, how each can be recognised and the appropriate action(s) required
If you feel discomfort, pain in your stomach or see something unusual after taking a medicine you must contact the pharmacist or see your GP.
The usual side effects of medication given without GP recipe are stomach ache, nausea and vomiting, rashes and redness of the skin, pain in the muscles, temperature and dizziness and fatigue.
Explain the different routes of medicine Administration
Different kind of routes can be…
Oral route is taken as a pill, liquid, tablet or lozenge
Rectal route is suppository inserted into the rectum
Intravenous route is injected into vein with a syringe
Intramuscular route is injected into muscle through skin with a syringe
Topical route is applied on the skin
Nasal is all kind of sprays or pumps that deliver drug into the nose
Inhaled by through a tube or mask
Ophthalmic are drops, gel or ointment for the eyes
Explain the types, purpose and function of materials and equipment needed for the administration of medication via the different routes
Identify the required information from prescriptions/medication administration charts `The records of medication are important because they are able to show everything about the person, condition and medication had given.
Fallowing administration charts we can answer the issues like the name and address of the service user, date started, medication details including name, strength and dose of medication, time given/prompted/observed, signature of care worker and
Code for Administration or prompting or observing.
Explain the appropriate timing of