2. arson intentional burning of another's building or property or of one's own building or property for a malicious or illegal purpose
3. bankruptcy fraud the abuse of bankruptcy laws in a way that favors the debtor and defrauds creditors
4. bribery offering or giving something of value to improperly effect performance of another party
5. burgulary The act of unlawfully entering or breaking into a building with the intent to commit a felony.
6. Civil law 1. Party who bring suit: the perso who suffered harm 2. Wronful act: Causing harm to a person or to a person's property 3. Burden of proof: Preponderance of the evidence 4. Verdict: 3/4 majortity ( typically) 5. Remedy: Damages to compensate for the harm or a decree to achieve an equitable result.
7. Classifications of Crimes 1. Felonies- serious crimes punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than one year 2. Misdemeanors- less serious crimes punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 1 year.
8. Corporate Criminal Liability a corppration is a legal entity created under the laws of the state. It can enter into contracts, purchase land etc. Corporations CAN commit crimes and suffer penalties of such as denial of certain legal privilegs( such as licenses) and they can be fined. Hard to put a company in prision
9. crime a wrong against society that is labeled as such by those in authority, is prohibited by law, and is punishable by the government
10. Criminal Act Most crimes an act of commission; person must do something to be accused of a crime and it must be a prohibited act ( actus reus) or guilty act. Sometimes an omission can be a crime when you have a legal duty to act and don;t paying taxes.
11. Criminal Law 1. Party who brings suit: state 2. Wrongful act: Violating a statute that prohibits some type of activity. 3. Burden of proof: Beyond a reasonable doubt. 4. Verdit: Unanimous ( almost always) 5. Remedy: Punishment (fine, imprisonment, or death).
12. criminal law Law that defines and governs actions that constitute crimes. Generally, criminal law has to do with wrongful actions committed against society for which society demands redress.
13. Criminal Liability Two elements must exist simultaneously (must occur together) for a person to be convicted of a crime: 1. The performance of a prohibited act and 2. A specified state ooof mind or intent on the part of the actor.
14. Criminal Process 1. Arrest - usually involves probal cause that the suspct has or will likely commit a crime. 2. Indictment- formal charge of the crimes committed. Grand Jury for sever criminal crimes like murder or suspects are charges by " information " or criminal complants for less svere crimes. 3. Trial- " If the glove don't fit you must acquit. It is the burden of the prosecution to prove guilt. The defense doe't have to prove anything.
15. deadly force is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm
16. Defenses of Criminal liability necessity, insanity, Mistake, duress, Entrapment,Statute of limitations,immunity
17. double jeopardy The Fifth Amendment right providing that a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime
18. Due Process Of Law the requirement that the government act fairly and in accordance with established rules in all that it does
19. duress Unlawful pressure brought to bear on a person, causing the person to perform an act that she or he would not otherwise perform.
20. Eighth Amendment Protections Prohibits excessive bail and fines and cruel and unusual punishment.
21. embezzlement the fraudulent appropriation of funds or property entrusted to your care but actually owned by someone else
22. entrapment In criminal law, a defense in which the defendant claims that he or she was induced by a public official—usually