I have been hired by Primary Care of Atlanta located in Sandy Springs, Georgia with the objective to provide training of the basic legal principles and concepts which make up our legal system to our team that will be working closely with our Legal Department. Our laws within the United States purpose is to govern and maintain a certain standard of behavior within our society for the common good of all and without such govern laws, our society would be in disarray. There is an expressed importance for each individual to have a sound basic knowledge of and obligation to abide by these laws. Ignorance of the law is no excuse and is no defense in our court systems. Our court system imposes punishment for any violations of individuals that break these laws.
Our Constitution set the standard of our responsibilities as well as provide for us our rights that are enforced by our court systems and the law is for all not a few or a selected few. The most powerful weapon against injustice is the Law. In an effort to ensure the employees of this department has the basic understanding of various legal concepts of the law, due to your operation duties with our legal department, This training session will address and highlight the common law tradition and sources of law that will include the following topics:
The Unites States legal system is based upon English common law.
What is common law?-Common law is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals through legislative statutes or executive branch action, Our common law system is a legal system that gives great precedential weight to common law on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions and the body of precedent is called common law that binds future decisions.
What are the sources of American Law?-There are four sources of law which are: Constitutional Law- In our United States of government, our Constitution is our foundation of law that serves the fundamental relationships of our society. Between states and the federal government as well as relationships among each state, there are 3 branches of our federal government; Executive, Legislative and Judicial along with the individual rights of both the federal and state government.
The Executive Branch-this branch is administered by the President of the United States. The President enforces the laws that are made by Congress-Legislative Branch.
The Legislative Branch is called Congress. Congress makes the laws of our United States and is divided into 2 parts: one called the Senate. There are 2 Senators from each state that make up the total 100 Senators in Congress. The House of Representatives made up of 435 representatives is the second part of Congress in which the representatives meet to discuss and decide on ideas known as bills should they become entered into Law. The Judicial Branch includes nine sitting Justices of the Supreme Court. The Justices are special Judges that hears only cases of issues related to the Constitution and according to the Constitutions interprets the laws. The Supreme Court Justices in our United States, are the highest courts of the land.
Statutory Law-consists of laws passed by the legislature for the federal government and then passed by our Congress of the United States.
Administrative Law- a body of law that focuses on decision making of administrative units of government that governs the administrative agencies of government activities that includes adjudication, rulemaking and enforcement of specific regulatory agendas.
Common Law-discussed above but broke down to basics here-Common Law is based on general customs of the body of law principles serving as precedent and or applied to situations not covered by statute. To explain: when a court decides and reports its decision concerning a case, the case becomes part of the body of law that is and can be used in…