Project Title: DEVELOPMENT OF PILOT MINI-HYDRO POWER SCHEMES IN Southern Nigeria
Executing Agencies | | Ministry of Energy, Ministry of EnvironmentMinistry of Local Government | Implementing Agencies | | Energy Commission,Environmental Protection Agency | | | Local district assemblies |
Osun water Fall, Abuja water fall
River water Falls on River state River, Abuja water fall
Sokoto water fall on Sokoto River, Lokoja river, Lagos stae
Project is projected to cost(NIG) ₦3,425,000 Nigeria Government contribution in kind through Energy Commission and District Assemblies: | | NIG ₦500,000. | Co-funding being sought from GEF: | | NIG ₦2,925,000. |
The project will be implemented over a period of 4 years.
Nigeria is endowed with renewable energy resources such as solar energy, biomass, wind and mini hydro. Intensive studies for over 20 years in Nigeria which strived for the harnessing of small and mini hydro power development has revealed the enormous mini hydro potential in the country. Currently 16 mini hydro sites have been identified. The conclusion of the studies led to selection of Osun water Fall (380kW) at Osun state, Abuja water Falls (320kW) at Abuja, River water Falls at River state and Sokoto Falls (60kW) at Sokoto state. Lokoja as some of the most attractive mini hydro sites.
The apparent slack in the development of the mini hydro sites largely arise from the fact that there has been little or no interest by the power utilities in Nigeria to generate electricity from mini hydro plants. This is because power from the large hydropower plants at Lokoja and Abuja (1020MW) is seen to be cheap and sufficient for the nation. Again there is no regulatory and legal framework for the development and utilisation of renewable energy sources. There is no or little economic incentive in place to attract investment in small hydro dams. Currently the Energy Commission is developing the regulatory framework for the promotion of the renewable energy, which will be passed into Law by the Parliament of Nigeria by the end of year. This Law will create the enabling environment for private sector investment into the renewable energy sector. The power utilities have also changed their attitudes towards the renewable for the better.
The Government of Nigeria has a target to increase its current level of power of about 2000MW to around 5000 MW by 2012 to sustain the rapid economic development of the country. To this end, Government is looking to develop the various sources of energy available to the country which include the renewable energy sources.
Rationale and Objectives
8. Over the past 4 years in which climate change enabling activities have been undertaken, country teams working on climate change have encountered a number of problems. These problems range from a lack of awareness of the UNFCCC to a limited national capacity for scientific studies related to climate change.
9. While some of these problems can be solved through the proper technical backstopping of projects by the implementing agencies, others recur so commonly that it is worth posing a shared approach to dealing with them. These problems, and the solutions identified to deal with them are summarized in Table 1 on the following page. The project, as described, in this proposal, is intended to provide a systematic solution to these problems for countries engaged in the process of preparing initial national communications to the UNFCCC.
10. To supplement these anecdotal observations with more systematic information, a questionnaire was submitted to participants at both the first Africa Regional Workshop on National Communications hosted by the Government of Senegal in August, 1997 and the Latin America Regional Workshop on National Communications
The objectives of