Pollution from business activities has been a controversial element in every socio-economic structure of all the countries. The most contagious externalities have been raising issues of concerns in the global setting of the environment. Different countries across the globe have been facing different levels of industrial and business pollution, an issue that can be a analyzed from different points of view. It can be identified that almost every industry has been polluting both the traditional and newly –recognized pollutants. The traditional pollutants entail emission of elements such as; Sulfur IV oxide, nutrients, particulates and other organic substances that are rendered directly or indirectly to the air, soil or in the water sources. The newly-recognized pollutants include the toxins that are injected to the various bio-systems, therefore causing degradation.
Business pollution over many years down the historic development of all the countries has drawn significant attention. Many scholars and researchers have tried to pinpoint the significance and the implication of business pollution in our ecosystems. It can be identified that due to an increase of world’s population, there is a need to sustain the large number of people in terms of basic needs among other needs. The industry is a common know business unit that sustains the economy of every country. Major economic developments back in millennium years ago there is prove that pollution cannot be avoided at whatever means (Markham, 1994). Consumption by human beings has been a major key factor to pollution since it can be revealed that most of the human needs are recurring in their nature. For instance, the development of the society largely depends
POLLUTION FROM BUSINESSES
on the growth and distribution of the industries in that society.
Industry has played a tremendous role in causing pollution for its consumption of the natural resources and production of the by-products. Research carried on the OECD countries across the world reveals that industries consume approximately a third of the global energy among the member countries (Markham, 1994). From a research point of view, the industry-related pollution has been higher for all the statistics carried by various surveys since it includes large numbers of activities, thereby creating large environmental impacts. In the developed countries, specifically in US and UK, the emission of certain levels of pollutants was recommended on the production sites to protect the environment. However, with the increment of the business activities have expanded over the decades. The developing countries have depended on importation of goods from the foreign countries for the past years; however, with the increased advancement of technology scientists have been innovating and inventing new ways regarding natural resources in the less developed countries. Discovery of natural resources in these third-world countries have increased industrial development, thereby, increasing business pollution (Batty and Hallberg, 2010).
With the increased emission of the pollutants from metallic substances and petrochemicals, environmental degradation has been an issue to be addressed. High cost of environmental treatments has been growing its attention; as a result, of contamination of the soil, air and the aqua-systems. It has caused degradation of the bio-systems, the atmosphere and a significant number of deaths. Despite various restrictions by the UN environmental department and new legislations, business pollution has remained an ethical dilemma that has to be debated over and again. It is explained by
POLLUTION FROM BUSINESSES
the unknown levels one has to pollute, different choices over pollution and the easily manipulated laws passed by various authorities. The study digs to examine the key factual antecedents that precede the crisis and solutions of business pollution, why