With the advances of medical technology people are living longer. In 1970, the average life expectancy at birth in the United States was 70.8 years; in 2008, it was 78.0 years; and by 2020, the U.S. Census Bureau projects life expectancy will reach 79.5 years. Disease and disability were at one point considered a part of getting old, but this idea has surpassed since perspectives on aging have progressed. As we age our very own biology puts us at risk for health issues; however, many older adults can be healthy and active well into their advancing years. It is an established medical and societal fact, that eating healthy along with exercise and physical activity can help promote healthy aging, but are there other factors that a person can instill into their daily routine that may aid in the age-defying process? The NIA and other studies are researching the benefits and risks of a number of approaches to anti-aging/healthy aging, including antioxidants, and calorie restriction. Antioxidants protect the body from the harmful effects of by-products known as free radicals, made normally when the body changes oxygen and food into energy. The discovery of antioxidants raised hopes that people could slow aging simply by adding them to the diet. So far, studies of antioxidant-laden foods and supplements in humans have yielded little support for this conclusion. Science has found that what you eat, how many times you eat, and how much you serve yourself can have an effect on quality and years of life. Scientists have focused primarily on calorie restriction, a diet that focuses on lowering the calories while keeping the percent of needed nutrients the same is (NIH). “Research in some animals has shown calorie restriction of up to 40 percent fewer calories than normal to have an impressive positive effect on disease, markers of aging, and, perhaps, life span. Scientists do not yet know if long-term calorie restriction is safe, beneficial, or practical for humans. However, the study of calorie restriction offers new insights into the aging process and biological mechanisms that could influence healthy aging” (NIH). For some though, healthy aging is not enough, they either want to stop it or reverse it all together. Scientists from Australia and the US believe they have found the pause and rewind buttons to the aging process. The research team discovered a key mechanism that keeps the body's cells communicating. “In youth, communication inside individual cells – between the cell's "battery" known as the mitochondria and the nucleus – is fast and frequent. But over time, this slows and aging accelerates. The aging process we discovered is like a married couple – when they are young, they communicate well. But over time, living in close quarters for many years, communication breaks down," Professor Sinclair says. “And just like a couple, restoring communication solved the problem" (Smith). How did Sinclair and his colleagues accomplish this feat? “Researchers gave mice injections containing the naturally occurring compound NMN, which raises the levels of a molecule called NAD. [The NAD] repairs the cells' communication network. If the compound is administered early enough in the aging process, in just a week, the muscles of the older mice were indistinguishable from the younger animals” (Smith). They then examined the muscles from two-year-old mice that had been given the NAD producing compound for one week. Following that, Sinclair looked for “indicators of insulin resistance, inflammation and muscle wasting. In all three instances, tissue from the mice resembled that of six-month-old mice. In human years, this would be like a 60-year-old converting to a 20-year-old in these specific areas” (Smith). Upon conducting their research they came across an important protein, HIF-1 that aids in the breakdown of communication, but this protein does more than interrupt cellular communication. “HIF-1 normally switches on when the body is…
Observation at Pine Hill Nursing Home
Northeast Texas Community College
On April 13, 2013 I observed a nursing home facility. The name of the facility is Pine Hill Nursing center in Jefferson, TX. The age group of the patients I observed ages ranged from 70’s to late 90’s.
Observing the nursing home was a new experience for me. I have never had any immediate family that I have gone to visit in a nursing home. I have never really spent much time inside one. The only time…
Aging and Disability Worksheet
1. Prejudice and discrimination in the work place
2. Older adults share physical characteristics that distinguish them from the younger
3. Membership in this group is not a choice.
• What is ageism? How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society?
Ageism is prejudice and discrimination against older adults. Diversity is different groups of people. Older adults are different then younger adults. Ageism influences the presence of diversity…
cyberbullying. In 2006 the national organization, Fight Crime, conducted a survey about kids being cyber bullied. The results found that 1 in 3 teens and 1 in 6 preteens have been the victims of cyber bullying (New, Michelle, PhD.). Now in the year 2010, you can imagine how the number of kids has risen. Just because technology is quickly advancing, it shouldn’t mean that cyberbullying has to as well.
Bullying used to mean that the stronger kids would gang up on the skinny nerd and take their lunch money…
The documentary of the aging brain relates to chapter two: neuroscience as a basis for adult development and aging of our class book as it gives us a more in depth look at how the brain works as we age and some brain made diseases.
All we ever know or remember is based in about 100 billion neurons that help make up the human brain. It was believed that as we aged our neurons would die but in the 1999's researchers found that neurons can live up to a hundred and twenty some years…
The Physiology of Aging Skin
Skin is the largest organ of the body. The skin assumes several important physiological functions. The major function of skin is to act as a barrier to the exterior environment. Skin protects the body from friction and mechanical impacts while keeping harmful chemicals, bacteria, viruses, and ultraviolet radiation from entering the body. It also prevents water loss and regulates body temperature by blood flow and the evaporation of sweat. All of these functions are…
Baby Boomers are babies that were born after The 2nd World War and the late 1960’s because people decided to start or restart a family and have children; which, ended in a huge spike in births in North America. The new aging baby boomers are hitting retirement age and will be using a huge percentage of our health care and hospital budgets. With the large amount of babies being born in a short span, that large amount of children have not been met since the Baby Boom meaning that there will be more…
Aging Reports (Accounts Receivable)
There are many different aspects associated with the Medical Insurance Specialist we are going to take a look and what is involved in what seems to be a simple task of account recievable or also known as “Aging Reports.”
Numerous reports are esstiantial to running a medical office, one of the most important report is your Aging report. Most office have all went to electronic medical…
MICROTHEORIES OF AGING
April 21, 2015
Social and Cultural Aspects of Aging GR 240
There are many factors which influence a person’s health. Some of these factors include race and ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. A person can either add years to their life or life to their years, depending on the route he/she chooses to take. The purpose of this paper is a reflection of how we age and the factors that affect aging.…
Parkinson’s disease took away her ability to take care of herself. Though her death took a toll on my grandfather, he has experienced little complications and only mild effects of aging.
I interviewed my grandfather in my home, he often drops by to say hello every other day or so. He usually is the one that is asking if he can do anything for us! I had told my grandfather to stop by for a few hours, and he ended up staying and chatting long after I had all the information I needed. I talked with him…