Cancer: Cancer and American Cancer Society Essay

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Shonda Edwards Com/172 Composition and Communication II Chera Rogers University of Phoenix April 19, 2012


Cancer is class of diseases characterized by out of control cell growth or tumors resulting from a division of the cells. There are over 100 types of Cancer and many that affect the African American Community every day. Cancer can be considered a deadly disease but also considered a curable disease if caught early.

Cancer can be a hereditary disease, meaning that it has been passed down through a generation of family members. The most common Cancers amongst African American are Breast Cancer in women and in men Prostate Cancer. Breast Cancer is a Cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. Prostate Cancer is a Cancer that starts in the prostate gland. However both Cancers are ranked # 2 in the African American Community according to the American Cancer Society and Census Bureau. In 2011-12 three types of Cancer will be detected in both women and men 34% of African American women will be diagnosed with Breast Cancer, 13% with Lung Cancer and 11% with Colorectal Cancer. In the African American men 40% will be diagnosed with Prostate Cancer, 19% Lung Cancer and 9% Colon and Rectum Cancer.

There are over 100 different types of Cancers but the most common Cancers are Lung, breast, colon, rectal, Colorectal, Prostate, Melanoma, Pancreatic to name a few. Some are curable and some are not depending on the stage and location of the Cancer when it is detected by your physician. Lung Cancer is the most common cancer in all races across the world. There are many things that can cause cancer like being expose to chemicals, environmental toxins, excessive alcohol, sunlight, genetic, obesity, viruses and radiation. However researchers are not sure what causes this disease.

Symptoms of the disease Cancer varies and depends solely on the type and location of the Cancer. Most Cancers have no symptoms while other Cancers have to progress to a certain stage before there are symptoms. The symptoms can range from bloody bowels, fatigue, night sweats, chills, darkening of the skin, pain or tenderness in area infected, swollen lymph nodes, and pain in joints or bones.

To find out if you have the disease Cancer you must visit a doctor and report your symptoms so that a professional diagnosis can be performed. There are a several ways to determined if a person has Cancer. A biopsy of a tumor, blood test, bone marrow biopsy, chest x-ray, CT scan, MRI scan, or a complete blood count are the ways a doctor will diagnose your symptoms. Cancer can be treated with Chemotherapy, Radiation or surgery. The treatment is determined by the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer at the time it is detected. If the cancer is confined to one location surgery can be performed to cure the cancer in that area.
Some cancers require all three treatments Chemotherapy, Radiation and surgery. If it is a tumor and the infection has spread to the lymph nodes only that cancer can be removed surgically, however if that cancer has spread and cannot be removed