Health and social care
Unit 8 – M1:
Describe the effects income may have on individual’s development at different life stages
In this essay I will be describing the effects income may have on individual’s development at different life stages by comparing two short case studies.
Income is the amount of money people receive for their services such as work, welfare benefits and other sources.it is a socio-economic factor which will impact on an individual’s health and wellbeing.
Income can effect an individual’s development as money is important for an individual to grow and develop healthily with positive well-being.
Education links to income because when applying for jobs qualifications are important. Employers will want individuals who are well educated, skilled, numeric and literate.
To be able to get an income people have to maintain a skill and have a good educational experience, this may include just receiving GCSE’s. To get a well-paid job they would have to expand on those skills and may try and go further for A-levels or even a diploma. Adolescents have to make decisions and act upon what path way they would like to follow. A better education will impact on future careers choices as individuals will have an idea on what they’d like to do in the future.
Children and adolescents receive their formal education which meets intellectual needs and promotes intellectual development. This supports children learning about being independent, to be healthier and be productive. Learning also has an effect on a person’s emotional and social development. Being successful at this stage will enable the individual to make choices in their lives which will support positive self-concept.
Being in education and the experiences that individuals have are known as secondary socialisation. Individuals are no longer under the influence of family; they are mixing with others for example friends and peers.
A well paid job means a high income. The effect of this is that an individual will have a different perspective on life and will experience better health and opportunities than someone with less income. They will have a better and balanced diet; they’ll be more active and organised with time meaning they’ll have more time for leisure and has more of a social life. They’ll be able to afford to keep up with new trends. This impact’s them in a positive way as they are getting more then than they need which suggest that they will have a fulfilling life and a life that they value this will ensure positive self-esteem and well-being.
A low paid job consists of cleaning related jobs, retail, factory work, market stalls and waiting/ waitressing. They are usually minimum wage and individuals will find it hard to manage their income this could mean they can’t save and they’ll be stuck in a cycle where they only receive their fixed amount.
Having a lifestyle that consist of a low income and relying on the government can be stressful and tiring, especially with a family to feed. They’ll have less nutrition and live of food that are pre prepared or constantly eat takeaways. The impact that this has is bad health in the future. Infants and children can grow up to be obese or even start developing serious health problems, such as heart disease or diabetes.it is shown that young people who suffer with obesity are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, examples of this are high cholesterol or high blood pressure. This is seen in the ages between 5 – 17. There also is a study that shows that children who became obese as early as age of 2 are more likely to be obese as adults. Low income families also may not have that much free time to take care of their family; this will affect children later on in their lives, as they may feel neglected. This can cause depression and lower self-esteem. People in this situation will have finances on their mind and they will have to manage what they have, this is known