Catholic Reformation Dbq

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During the Counter-Reformation, also called Catholic Reformation, the church’s efforts were a response to the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal of the church. The Counter-Reformation took place around the same time as the Protestant Reformation, and was beginning shortly before Martin Luther’s nailing the Ninety-Five Theses to the church door. Criticism of the worldly attitudes and polices of the Renaissance pope and many of the clergy of the catholic church caused calls for reform. The catholic church, however, was not able to make enough changes to prevent the fracture in the church.
Many new religious orders and other groups were founded to affect a religious renewal and the most notable was the Jesuits. This order grew out of the activity of Ignatius Loyola, a Spanish soldier who had a religious conversion during a period of recovery from a wound received in
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The council then laid the foundation for future statements: the canon of Old and New Testament was fixed; tradition was recognized as a source of faith; the amount of sacraments was fixed at seven; and the nature and costs of original sin were distinct. After months of intense debate, the council ruled against Luther’s doctrine of justification by faith alone: man, the council said, was justified by cooperating with divine grace that God bestows gratuitously.
The catholic reformation did not, in the end, discourage the fracture of what is now called the protestant church. Although the reformation admitted the faults of clergy in the church it could never accept Luther’s complete dependence on faith rather than works for salvation. The church continued to believe that man had a part in his own salvation. He must live a life worthy of his own salvation. The beliefs are still in conflict