Causal: Causality and Gym Causation Essay

Submitted By mgilliam
Words: 357
Pages: 2

Stress

Roommate

A.Performance

Class year intervening/ meditatior

Causal Inference

Correlation
Correlation
In empirical data, when A is higher, B is systematically higher (or lower) --- RANK ORDER ! Attributes of one variable are associated with attributes of another variable

Rank Order: putting the highest number of drink participants in order so it would go participant 3,7,10,,2,9,5,6,,8,4,1 Among the same people the amount of time spent in the gym is participants 3,7,10,9,2,5,6,8,1,4

An empirical relationship between two variables such that

# of drinks

# of Hours spent in Gym

Causation
Causation
A causes B If we can show increase( B will increase An impact of A on B E.g. Class size & Test score

or decrease) A

,

1

Correlation vs. Causation
CORRELATION IS NOT CAUSATION

From correlation to implied causation… to policy proposal
Evidence
Correlation from survey of teenagers Implied causation If parents would have dinner with their children more often, the children would use drugs less “The most effective thing we can do” Family dinners cause (in part) the extent of teen drug abuse Family Day—A Day to Eat Dinner with Your Children

Conclusion

Negative
Family dinner

Drug Use

Policy proposal

In conclusion: to keep the teenagers from using drugs we will be having more family dinners

Causation concluded

Figure 10.1 (top) p. 332

Causation implied:

If we persuade parents to have more dinners with their…