1st pair of sentences:
1a) She’s lived there for years.
1b) She lived there for years.
1a)’s conventional grammar term is ‘present perfect’, and its constituent parts are: subject + auxiliary verb has (conjugated here for ‘She’ i.e. has) + _____ed (i.e. past participle)
1b)’s conventional grammar term is ‘past simple’, and its constituent parts are: subject + ______ ed (i.e. past tense)
The meaning of 1a) is that ‘she’ lived ‘there’ in the past, she lives there now, and she will presumably be living there for some indeterminable time in the future, whereas the meaning of 1b) is that ‘she’ lived ‘there’ in the past, for some years, and is not living there now. …show more content…
M) 'Yeah I'm really sorry about that, I was going to call you yesterday, but I completely forgot! I can't come, I have to work.'
S) 'Oh no! I was really looking forward to it – I don't know if I want to go any more now!(Sounding disappointed) '
M) 'Oh you should – Simon'll be there.'
S) 'It still won't be the same without you, but anyway Mich I have to run – I'll call you on Sunday, bye!'
M) 'OK have fun, bye!'
Anticipated problems with form:
• Learners may find it difficult to understand the constituent parts 'was' and 'going to' in the same sentence, as they appear to be two different tenses. • Learners may subsequently forget to include all the elements of this complex tense.
The meaning is complex and abstract, as it is used to express an intention for the future, in the past, which did not happen. For post-intermediate only.
• Some learners find the ‘ŋ’ sound difficult. • 'To' is a weak form which some learners may pronounce too strongly, sounding formal. • ‘Was’ can also be a weak form.
Concept questions, including:
• Did she call? No.
• Did she intend to call? Yes.
• Why didn't she call? She forgot.
• Does she still intend to call in the future? No
If I had known I would have picked you up.