Notes On Studying Memory

Submitted By ahartz16
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Pages: 17

Studying Memory

1) Memory (T)-learning through experiences and thoughts over time. It is learning that has persisted.
When I recall that I used to love the color pink when I was little.
2) Sensory Memory (T) this is the storage of material/information in your brain and the retrieval of that information. Sensory memory is only capable of retaining information for a very short period of time. It allows your eye to have a larger field of vision by remembering images that your eye has already focused on. Really, your eyes' field of vision is quite small but because of sensory memory you are able to remember previous stimuli.
The ability to look at an item and remember what it looked like with just a split second of observation, or memorization, is an example of sensory memory.
3) Short-Term Memory (T) activated memory that holds few items for a brief period of time, before the information is forgotten.
When you are trying to call someone so you quickly memorize their phone number. After a little while you will no longer remember that number.
4) Long-Term Memory (T) it is relatively permanent and is a limitless storage. It can store skills, experiences, and knowledge that has been learned.
Being able to remember the continents ever since your first grade teacher taught you the continent song.
5) Working Memory (T) It focuses on conscious active processing of incoming auditory. Also includes information retrieved from the long term memory.
Whether we hear “ice cream” or I scream depending on context.
6) Information Processing Model (E) - The Information Processing Model is a framework used by cognitive psychologists to explain and describe mental processes. The model likens the thinking process to how a computer works. Just like a computer, the human mind takes in great amounts of information, organizes and stores it to be retrieved at a later time. In a computer, information is entered by means of input devices such as a keyboard.
7) Three-Stage Processing Model of Memory (E) it helps us to think about how the memories are processed. It includes external events, sensory memory, working/short term memory, and long term memory storage.

8) Working Memory Model (E) the model includes visual and auditory rehearsal of fresh and new information. There is also a hypothetical central exec. that is pulling information from the long term memory.

9) Auditory Rehearsal (T) consciously repeating the information over and over so that you can keep it in temporary memory. Rehearsal can also be used to encode it for long-term memory storage.

For example if I want to remember a phone number I keep repeating it to myself out loud so that I can hear it.
10) Visual-Spatial Information (T) when you think out what you want and it involves visuals. You move things around in your head, or picture what the end product would look like.
An example is mentally rearranging furniture in your room to consider the options.
11) Effortful Processing (T) explicit/declarative memories have to consciously know and rehearse. Recalling is also a part of effortful processing. It is encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
There are lots of times when we must practice, rehearse, and try to remember things such as when you have to keep practicing if you want to be able to hit the note in you solo for choir.
12) Explicit or Declarative Memories (T) memory of fact and experiences that one can consciously know and “declare.”
When you are asked to list the continents and can rattle them off right away.
13) Automatic Processing (T) unconscious processing of information such as space, time, and frequency. It can also be things that are well-learned.
An example is knowing the definitions of well learned words such as run.
14) Implicit or Non-declarative Memory (T) retention independent of conscious recollection Things that we don't purposely try to remember are stored in implicit memory. This kind of memory is both unconscious and unintentional.
Being able to