Topic: The Development of Language Review "What the Research Tells Us and Stages of Language Development. Write down what you think are the main points.
Research states that children use language to communicate but seem to have no understanding of language as an entity itself. It is not learned through imitation but an attempt to finds patterns. It is creative and productive. Experiences help to development language, because the more experiences you have, the more you have to talk about. The more stimulating an environment the more you want to share what you saw with others. With that being said the richer the experiences early in life can set a child up for great success in literacy in their future. Children who are exposed to a wide variety vocabulary and are made part of the conversation also benefit in their language development. There are six stages of language development. Infants come into the world and their role is response to language. They listen to changes in sound, they are sensitive to some sound, and the more speech that is involved around them the better. The next stage is from 3-9 months when the baby babble begins. They coo no matter the speech they hear (language wise) and even deaf/hearing impaired children go through this phase of language. Between 10-15 months they begin word development. The separate words from noise. They start by playing with sound and end with planned controlled speech. Most children, in this stage, understand words before they can speak them. First words happen here which are usually people, toys, food or animals in their lives. The next stage is sentences which are 2 words to describe an action (“me go”), possession (“my ball”) or location (“baby outside”). They then expand by adding an adjective (“my big ball”), changing verb tense (“me jumped down”) or using negatives (“no go out”). They listen for regularities they hear. The next stage is elaboration where there sentences get longer and can be used to socialize with others. Graphic representation is last where children do become aware of language as an entity itself and they connect written word to spoken word and thus emergent literacy begins.
Review "Bilingualism" Write down what you think are the main points.
Bilingualism to to be able to speak another language other than your native language with a bit of fluency. Children must comprehend and produce aspects of both languages and develop two systems of communication. There is simultaneous acquisition which is when a child is exposed to two languages from birth, and there is successive acquisition when there is a language spoken at home and a language spoken at school or the world around them. Language acquisition is a natural process, children need to be exposed to both languages in meaningful ways. It is important to support home language in the classroom so children do not feel isolated at school. Understanding how children learn and use language, making a plan to use both languages, accepting differences, supporting children’s attempts to communicate and to provide a classroom climate that supports all families and their differences.
3.Describe some curriculum activities for cognition and language development.
Arrange space so children will practice speaking and listening, for older children reading and writing. Have signs and pictures to show where things are kept and ask the children to describe the materials they use, label materials and use word/picture cards with cooking activities. Be sure that both genders will find activities enjoyable in the dramatic play area. Plan a reader’s theater or book making activities to get the children excited about emergent literacy. Have children write notes/letters/cards to important people. Always label everything. Outside using descriptive language and chalk on the sidewalk are also some things you can do.
Name two major steps in the development of children's reading, and