Chapter 14 World War I VocabularySection Essay

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Chapter 14
World War I Vocabulary

Section I

1. Guerrilla: A form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare
2. Nationalism: Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
3. Self-Determination: The process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government.
4. Propaganda: Information, espically of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
5. Contraband: Goods that have been imported or exported illegally.
6. U-Boat: A German submarine used in World War I or World War II.
7. Pancho Villa: Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923)
8. Franz Ferdinand: Archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I; his assassination at Sarajevo triggered the outbreak of World War I.
9. Allies Powers: The 26 nations that fought against the Axisin World War II
10. Central Powers: World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies.
11. Sussex Pledge: The Sussex pledge was a promise made in 1916 during World War I by Germany to the United States prior to the latter's entry into the war.
12. Zimmerman Telegram: The Zimmermann Telegram was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join the Central Powers, in the event of the United States entering World War I on the side of the Entente Powers.

Section II

1. Conscription: Compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
2. Victory Garden: A vegetable garden, esp. a home garden, planted to increase food production during a war.
3. Espionage: The practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
4. War Industries Board: The War Industries Board was a United States government agency established on July 28, 1917, during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies.
5. Bernard Baruch: Economic advisor to United States Presidents
6. Liberty Bond: A Liberty Bond was a war bond that was sold in the United States to support the allied cause in World War I.
7. Victory Bond: A bond issued by a government during or immediately after a major war.
8. Committee on Public Information: Also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee, was an independent agency of the government of the United States created to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American participation in World War I.

Section III

1. Convoy: A group of ships or vehicles traveling together, typically accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection.
2. Armistice: An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
3. Reparations: The making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money