Chapter 24 Reading Notes

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Chapter 24 Reading Notes
1. What was the purpose of the Notice to Travelers issued by the German government?
To warn Americans and other Travelers that sailing to England could make them be considered an enemy of Germany during the World War.
2. What was President’s response to the sinking of the Lusitania? 1st, 2nd, & 3rd, notes?
Wilson demanded a change in German policy.
Firs note called on Germany to abandon unrestricted submarine warfare, disavow the sinking, and evasive replay
Second note instead on specific privileges – Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigned rather than signing the note, as part of fear of the demand leading to a war
Third note warned German that the U.S. would view similar sinkings as “deliberately unfriendly”.
3. What was the German response to Wilson’s letters?
The Germans backed out of the war, as they were eager to keep the U.S. out of the war. Germany also apologized for American deaths on the Arabic and the rest of 1915, U – boats hunted freighters, not passenger liners
4. Who issued and what was stated in Arabic pledge?
Germany issued the Arabic pledge, which promised that U-boats would stop and warn liners, unless they tried to resist or escape.
5. U.S. foreign policy 1900 – 1920 was described as ____________ in the text.
“Aggressive and nationalistic”
6. What examples of this foreign policy were described?
The U.S. intervened in Europe, the Far East, and Latin America, and dominated the Caribbean. During these years the U.S. built a large navy, protected its colonial empire, and became increasingly involved in international affairs.
7. What role did U.S. foreign investments have in shaping U.S. foreign policy?
U.S foreign investments fostered great involvement in foreign lands, while not completely dictating American foreign policy. The involvement in foreign lands would require and large navy to protect its colonial power.
8. How did the U.S. secure the land for the Panama Canal?
Roosevelt would support a Panamanian revolt, sending a cruiser Nashville to prevent Colombian troops from putting down the revolt, and promptly recognized the new Republic of Panama. This would lead to the Hay – Bunau Varilla treaty, which graded the U.S. control of a canal zone 10 miles wide across the Isthmus of Panama.
9. What was the Roosevelt Corollary and what did it stipulate?
Roosevelt’s policy warned Latin American nations to keep their affairs in order or face American intervention.

10. What was the Lodge Corollary and what did it stipulate?
The Lodge Corollary warned foreign corporations not to purchase harbors and other sites of military significance in Latin America.
11. Why did T.R. offer to mediate a treaty to end the Russo/Japanese War?
He wanted to balance Russian and Japanese power; Japan was dominating the war, causing Roosevelt to worry. As a request from Japan Roosevelt worked to mediate the conflict.
12. What was the purpose of the Taft Katsura – Agreement?
The purpose of the Taft Katsura Agreement was to recognize Japan’s dominance over Korea in exchange for its promise not to invade the Philippines. It served to keep peaceful relations between the U.S. and Japan.
13. What were the events leading the Gentlemen’s Agreement 1907 and what were the terms of the agreement?
In 1906, a San Francisco school board ordered the segregation of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children into a separate Oriental School. The following year, the California legislature considered a bill limiting the immigration of Japanese laborers into the state. Roosevelt then intervened to persuade the school board to rescind its order, as resentment mounted in Japan. At the same time, he obtained the “Gentlemen’s Agreement” promising to stop the flow of Japanese agricultural laborers into the U.S. 14. What was the purpose of the around the World Cruise of the U.S. Battleship fleet in 1908?
The make sure Japan did not see Roosevelt’s policy as a sign of