The Civil Rights Act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race in hiring, promoting, and firing. Invalidates local segregation laws and outlaws discrimination in public accommodations engaged in interstate commerce (Hotels, Motels, Restaurants, Theaters, etc.) Prohibits discrimination in regards to providing access to financial assistance or other benefits by any national, state, or local government body that receives any federal funding. The Act improved conditions for
Blacks, Latinos, Asians, Indians, and women. Congressional supporters of the bill such as Hubert
Humphrey and Everett Dirksen. Also the President, Lyndon B. Johnson. Smith, who was chairman of the House Rules Committee, came up with many tactics to discourage the passage of the bill's Title VII, which would outlaw employment discrimination because of race, color, religion or national origin.
Virginia's Democratic Rep. Howard W. Smith was a staunch segregationist and strongly opposed the
Civil Rights Act. In the Senate where Democratic senators staged a historic filibuster to try to prevent the bill from reaching the floor, 27 Republicans joined with 44 Democrats to shut off the stalling tactic.
It does not have any other names or titles. Someone can easily remember it’s importance by remembering it end discrimination based on gender,race,age,religion,etc. Voting Rights Act of 1965
This act is significant because it suspended literacy tests and made it a law for federal officials to register voters and ensure that citizens could vote. It gave power for officials to count ballots and prohibited states from changing voting procedure without federal permission. The longterm effects are that women were trying to vote after this act was passed but women were still legally not allowed to vote. Black women risked themselves and went to voting polls even though they were not allowed to vote. But this act enforced the voting rights guaranteed by the 14th and 15th Amendments. This time around both Democrats and Republicans were in favor since a democrat from Minnesota and a
Republican from Illinois were the ones who introduced the act to the senate. There were not any instances of gridlock around the Voting Rights Act. It does not have any other names or titles. Someone can easily remember it’s importance by remembering it granted blacks the right to vote. It was controversial because women were still not allowed to vote at the time. Federal Election Campaign Act of 19711974
The federal Election Campaign Act of 19711974 created the FEC which required disclosure of contributions and expenditures, provided limitations on contributions and presidential election expenditures. It also provided subsidies for presidential candidates. FECA limited the amounts that donors could give to candidates, but it did not limit the amount that they could give in soft money.
FECA helped increase the power of political parties. This gave the political parties some degree of power over the candidates since the candidates depended on them for some money. Other names were
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act
, more commonly referred to as "McCainFeingold”. There were not any instances of gridlock around the Federal Election Campaign Act of 19711974. Someone can easily remember it’s importance by remembering that this act limits on how much an individual can give to their candidate. Title IX Education Act of 1972
This act is significant because it prohibited gender discrimination in federal education programs. It was an act to amend the Higher Education Act of 1965. The longterm effects were that it gave every gender an equal chance of participating in anything they wanted to in school. Democrats were mainly in favor of the amendment being made to this act. Republicans were not in favor. Gridlock did not occur around Title IX Education Act of 1972. Some other names for this act are Higher