Chesapeake and New England Colonies’ Developmental Differences By the 1700s the New England and Chesapeake colonies had vast differences in their societies and in their development, even though they were settled by people of mostly English origin. The colonies had political, economic, social and religious differences as well as differences in their founding and climate that lead to the formation of these two distinct regions. The New England and the Chesapeake colonies were unalike each other in many ways. The first reason for the difference in development between the Chesapeake and New England colonies was that they were founded for entirely opposite purposes and under different climates. The New England colonies were founded for religious purposes. Since the Puritans were unhappy with the slow reform in the Anglican Church in England, a group called the Separatists broke away from the church and founded the Plymouth colony. The goal was to create a new place to worship without being persecuted. Connecticut was also founded in order to create a closer church-government alliance, however Rhode Island was the exception. Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams to protest against the Puritans and give freedom of worship within the colony.On the other hand, the Chesapeake colonies were founded for economic purposes. Jamestown was founded for the search of gold, and James Rolfe discovered tobacco in Virginia which came to be a staple crop. There were no Puritans, but instead plenty of indentured servants who came to the colonies to start an economic life for themselves. Similar to New England there was one colony within the region that was an exception, in the Chesapeake colonies Maryland was the exception. Maryland was founded to be a safe haven for Catholics, but was also economically geared toward indentured servitude and was a major competitor with Virginia for tobacco. New England’s climate had long winters and rocky soil which was poor for farming, this in turn affected their economy and farm organization. The Chesapeake climate was hot and had fertile soil that was perfect for growing tobacco, because of these great farming conditions their economy was also affected and as well as community organization. Due to the different climates of the two regions, political and economic differences evolved which is the second reason for their differences in development. Because of the fact that New England was colder and had poor farming conditions there were mostly small farms with no plantation owners or slaves. Because there were small scale farms, the region turned to an industry based economy, with more major cities as a result of manufacturing, shipbuilding, fishing, lumber,etc. Compact towns were created and town meetings were often held, making New England more democratic. The Chesapeake economy was based primarily on agriculture. Large plantations and staple crops, such as tobacco, rice and indigo, were a result of this agriculture based economy. With large plantations there was little industry in this region. Because of the small amount of industry Charleston, South Carolina is the only big city that formed in the region. The Chesapeake colonies’ political legislative was owned by aristocrats and there were county governments spread out across the land, which created unhappiness in the backcountry farmers who felt they were being underrepresented. Lastly,…
fishing communities. The men would hunt, fish, and clear land.
Factories Contributing to European Exploration-During the 15th and 16th century technology was advancing and there were new rulers who wanted to find better access to goods in Asia and Africa. The desire for the goods grew as a result of the new rulers. The exploration trips served as both spreading religion and finding the access necessary to receive more goods from foreign countries.
Encomienda System- This system was established…
The characteristics of individuals have a large impact on the development of a society. The New England and Chesapeake regions were settled primarily by people of English origin; however, by the 1700s the regions had developed into two distinct societies. The distinctions of these societies can be accredited partly to varying motives of the English settlers. The composition of the settlers can also account for the contrast of these two societies. Varying ideals of these settlers affected the political…
Chapter 1: New World Beginnings: 33,000 B.C.-A.D. 1769
A. True-False: Where the statement is true, circle T; where it is false, circle F.
1. T F The geography of the North American continent was fundamentally shaped by the glaciers of the Great Ice Age. 6. 2. T F North America was first settled by people who came by boat across the waters of the Pacific Strait from Japan to Alaska. The early Indian civilizations of Mexico & Peru were built on the economic foundations of cattle & wheat growing…
DBQ 1- New England and Chesapeake Bay
In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World while attempting to discover a route to India. This accidental discovery revealed a land full of rich resources, and through a series of wars between nations, Great Britain would control this new territory. People from all across Europe flocked to this New World for a chance at a new beginning. Despite a similar European background, the people of this new territory separated and lived in two distinct…
THE NEW WORLD
In 1609 King James I commissioned the Virginia Company with colonizing North America between the 35th and 45th parallels. The Chesapeake and New England colonies would emerge as the cornerstones of America. The two colonies navigated the world in sight of different objectives, but ultimately through their economic triumphs and the social and political hardships, these colonies would eventually develop into stability.
In an effort to financially benefit Europe, the Chesapeake colony…
RULES & REGULATIONS
Characteristics of early exploration and settlements in the New World
← New England was settled by Puritans seeking freedom from religious persecution in Europe. They formed a “covenant community” based on the principles of the Mayflower Compact and Puritan religious beliefs and were often intolerant of those not sharing their religion. They also sought economic opportunity and practiced a form of direct democracy through…
Life in the Colonies
New England colonies, Middle colonies, and Southern colonies
The New England colonies: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
There was little farming, just enough to feed family. They made money through manufacturing and trade.
Climate was colder than the two regions
Long cold winter
Fish, whales, trees, and furs were natural resources
The religion was Puritans. No religious freedom. Pilgrims Work hard and strict rules
Most that settled were from…
work, a study in 1992 by Larry Hunter, the chief economist for the Joint Economic Committee, stated that after interviewing restaurant owners regarding the effects of raising minimum wages, it was found that no jobs were lost. The study was done in New Jersey, where the legislature had boosted minimum wage to the highest level in the United States (Meroney, 1995). What happens said Hunter, is that people don't go out and begin firing workers after a raise in minimum wages. "You just adjust."
DBQ # Two
England then sent out land seekers, and what they had found were the New England and Chesapeake colonies, although Europeans discovered both they became their own. By 1700’s New England and Chesapeake formed into two separate colonies due to their differences in economy, religion, and social aspects.
Economical differences occurred between New England and Chesapeake with slavery, trade, and agriculture. In New England, slavery was very much present and had a huge impact…
Question: Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by of English origin, by 1700 the region had evolved into two different societies. Why did this difference in development occur?
Thesis Statement: When talking about New England and the Chesapeake region, you have to consider the differences in motives and geography. Consider economic situations (reasons for settling where they did, reasons why they came to New England in the first place). One has to…