Essay about Child Guidance Chapter 1 Questions

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Child Guidance – Chapter 1 Questions

1. Our vision is to help children, feel safe and secure, and to develop _________heathly___________________ ____________self esteem____________________ as well as a strong moral compass.
_false_____2. Adults have a big part in setting the tone in a classroom in how we interact with children.
3. ______warmth____________________________ is probably the single most important factor in an adult’s relationship with a child.
4. Two major factors ___________________responsiveness_______________ and ___________demandingness___________________ determine an adult’s style of caregiving.
5. ___________responsiveness________________________ refers to the degree of adult supportiveness, the degree to which an adult is tuned in to a child’s developmental level, and whether the adult meets a child’s needs.
6. What are some important aspects of responsiveness?
a. warmth

b. child development knowledge

c. partners in interaction

7. Knowledge of child development allows adults to have ______realistic_______________________ _____________expetations___________________ of children of different ages in terms of motor, physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development.
8. _____________highly___________ ____responsive________________________ adults communicate in an open, congruent, validating, and direct way.
___true___9. It is a sign of respect to give an explanation, and children deserve to know why we ask them to do something.
10. _____demandingness_____________________________ is a major caregiving dimension. This is whether and how the person sets limits and monitors, supervises, and faces issues.
11. What are some important aspects of demandingness?
a. boundaries, limits, and expectation

b. monitoring and supervising

c. guidance and discipline stratgies

12. The key to child guidance is to combine high demandingness with warmth, understanding of child development, and ___giving______________________ ___________explanations____________________________.
___true___13. Some adults use guidance strategies that are age, individually, and culturally appropriate.
14. ______authoritative______________________________ caregivers possess qualities that help children develop equally positive qualities.
15. Describe the qualities/behaviors that an authoritative parent possesses:
a. demandingness

b. responsivness

c. communication style
d. explanations

16. The authoritative style has a positive and powerful effect on young children’s development:
a. helps children feel safe and secure

b. encourages self-responsibility

c. fosters competence and healthy self-control

17. Our long-range goal in guiding children is to help them achieve _______healthy_______________________ ________________self-control________________________.
18. Authoritative teachers and parents help children become self-controlled because they:
a. model self control

b. clearly communicate their expectation that children will show the level of self control that they are capable of showing

c. give specific information on how children can control themselves

__true____19a. The authoritarian style builds authentic self-esteem and a strong core of personal values.
b. Competence, confidence, and a sense of worthiness are the cornerstones of __________positive__________
___________________self esteem__________________________.
20. The ___________________authoritarian___________________________ style of caregiving combines high demandingness and low responsiveness; considered a negative approach.
21. Describe the qualities/behaviors that an authoritarian parent possesses:
a. doesn’t monitor or supervise children’s activities well

b. negative discipline strategies

c. not very responsive

d. communicates in a bad way

22. These are negative effects authoritarian caregiving may have on children:
a. poor self control

b. negative self esteem

c. teaches and encourage aggression

___true___23. Some permissive adults are low in