Submitted By elahehsajadi
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Pages: 4

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Human Rights Law Presentation
"ILO." What Is Child Labour. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2015. 


Child labour refers to work that is

mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children

interferes with schooling by depriving their attendance, leaving school prematurely, combining school with excessively long & heavy work

Most extreme conditions involve enslaving children, separating from families & exposure to hazardous materials

“child labour” depends on

child age

type of hours of work performed

conditions under which performed

objectives pursued by individual countries

Convention of the Rights of the Child defines civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of anyone below the age of 18

194 countries signed but Somalia, South Sudan and the United States (unratified)

Section 182 highlights the worst form of child labour

slavery, trafficking, debt bondage & armed conflict

prostitution, pornography or for pornographic performances

children involved in illicit activities, production and trafficking of drugs

work that will harm the health, safety or morals of children

Section 138 highlights minimum age for employment

hazardous work - 18

basic minimum age - 15 or 14 (in developing countries)


age for finishing compulsory schooling

light work: 13 - 15 or 12 - 14 (in developing countries)

even if not ratified, member states have obligation to respect, to promote and to realize the principles concerning such fundamental rights

Wednesday, March 25, 2015
"World Day Against Child Labour: Top Five Countries with High Rates of Child Exploitation."
International Business Times RSS. N.p., 12 June 2014. Web. 01 Apr. 2015. 


12 million child workers in Pakistan

7.4 million children in Bangladesh

14 - 16.4 million child workers in India

4.7 million children work in Congo

In Mali 54% of children work

186 million in labour

down from 171 million in 2000

agencies like ILO, UNICEF, Save the Children and Lebanese Ministry of Labour have all launched agents in countries prone to child labour to find and eliminate at the source

Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population)

Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found

many children need to support family

Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.

"Resources for Speakers, Global Issues, Africa, Ageing, Agriculture, Aids, Atomic Energy, Children,
Climate Change, Culture, Decolonization, Demining, Development, Disabilities, Disarmament,
Environment, Food, Governance, Humanitarian, Refugees, Women." UN News Center. UN, n.d.
Web. 01 Apr. 2015. 



Barriers to education

education is not free, not available, quality is poor and parents diminish its value

parent mentality “people go to school for jobs, why would you do that when you can get a job now”

Culture and tradition

cultural norm is most productive use of child’s time

follow parents foot steps and “help” other members of the family

Market demand

children are cheaper