CHILLLLLD LABOUR Essay

Submitted By elahehsajadi
Words: 814
Pages: 4

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Human Rights Law Presentation
"ILO." What Is Child Labour. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2015. 

<http://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/lang--en/index.htm>



Child labour refers to work that is


mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children



interferes with schooling by depriving their attendance, leaving school prematurely, combining school with excessively long & heavy work



Most extreme conditions involve enslaving children, separating from families & exposure to hazardous materials



“child labour” depends on





child age



type of hours of work performed



conditions under which performed



objectives pursued by individual countries

Convention of the Rights of the Child defines civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of anyone below the age of 18


194 countries signed but Somalia, South Sudan and the United States (unratified)



Section 182 highlights the worst form of child labour





slavery, trafficking, debt bondage & armed conflict



prostitution, pornography or for pornographic performances



children involved in illicit activities, production and trafficking of drugs



work that will harm the health, safety or morals of children

Section 138 highlights minimum age for employment


hazardous work - 18



basic minimum age - 15 or 14 (in developing countries)





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age for finishing compulsory schooling

light work: 13 - 15 or 12 - 14 (in developing countries)

even if not ratified, member states have obligation to respect, to promote and to realize the principles concerning such fundamental rights

Wednesday, March 25, 2015
"World Day Against Child Labour: Top Five Countries with High Rates of Child Exploitation."
International Business Times RSS. N.p., 12 June 2014. Web. 01 Apr. 2015. 

<http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/world-day-against-child-labour-top-five-countries-high-rates-child-exploitation-1452440>.



12 million child workers in Pakistan



7.4 million children in Bangladesh



14 - 16.4 million child workers in India



4.7 million children work in Congo



In Mali 54% of children work



186 million in labour



down from 171 million in 2000



agencies like ILO, UNICEF, Save the Children and Lebanese Ministry of Labour have all launched agents in countries prone to child labour to find and eliminate at the source



Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population)



Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found




many children need to support family

Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.

"Resources for Speakers, Global Issues, Africa, Ageing, Agriculture, Aids, Atomic Energy, Children,
Climate Change, Culture, Decolonization, Demining, Development, Disabilities, Disarmament,
Environment, Food, Governance, Humanitarian, Refugees, Women." UN News Center. UN, n.d.
Web. 01 Apr. 2015. 

<http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/briefingpapers/childlabour/>.







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Barriers to education


education is not free, not available, quality is poor and parents diminish its value



parent mentality “people go to school for jobs, why would you do that when you can get a job now”

Culture and tradition


cultural norm is most productive use of child’s time



follow parents foot steps and “help” other members of the family

Market demand


children are cheaper…