The concept of God (Di) and Heaven (Tian) in Chinese Buddhist civilization is very interesting. There are many beliefs that the Chinese and I hold similar. These concepts were brought in with the Shang and Zhou dynasties, which can be considered the bronze age of China. These dynasties were around from the years 1600-256 BCE. In my reflection, I will examine what the Chinese civilization beliefs are about Di and Heaven, as well as reflect on those beliefs, which are similar and differ from my own beliefs and understanding. Di, meaning God, in Chinese perspective is the almighty decision maker. This is true in the Shang dynasty. The king or the Shang may make a decision for the state, but all his plans have to be reported to Di before implementing his plans or decisions upon the state. God gives the Shang his answer by the cracks in a turtle shell and only the king (Shang) has the ability to read what the cracks mean. Di’s major roles are to approve of what the Kings plans are, control the weather and natural phenomenons, as well as, protect the people of the state from natural or human enemies. The Shang is the representation of the whole state, but Di controls everything, even what the Shang does. If Di was to say no to one of the Shang’s plans, the Shang must obey or it was understand there would be consequences for not listening to the final authority of God. The Shang dynasty decline was due to claims by Zhou that said that Tian (Heaven) ordered the Zhou ruler to conquer the Shang due to failure to fulfill his responsibilities commanded by the mandate of Heaven. The ruler may be powerful but if they are selfish and cruel, Heaven will take the dynasty back. It is not the ruler’s decision, you must be morally correct to rule the state, if not you will no longer be in charge. Unlike in the Shang dynasty, the Zhou dynasty does not believe Di to be the highest power. In the Zhou dynasty, Heaven (Tian) is more powerful than Di. The concept of Tian is that it is understand as the power that governs all creation. Tian is considered the source of all morality, a cosmic moral order, as well as, a power possessing the intelligence to guide the destinies of human beings. Between the Shang dynasty and the Zhou dynasty, we see a shift from God to Heaven as the ultimate power. Moral behaviour is the main reason the Zhou dynasty took over. The Shang ruler was corrupt and therefore, incapable of continuing to rule. The concepts of Di or Tian are both similar to my ideas when considering the ultimate power. I believe that the ruler of the state should be morally correct and not corrupt to be able to run the state smoothly, and if they are corrupt or morally unable then they should be over thrown with someone who is capable to take their place. The one thing I found to be interesting is the Shang king reading God’s decision on the back of a turtle shell that only…
April 4, 2012
In an American society people are allowed to believe in who or whatever they want. No one is told who they we can or cannot talk to. In a lot of people’s lives who they worship or respect is not a big issue. However, everyone is not able to believe in whomever they wish, like in the United States; many people have rules to abide by on certain issues but not on religion. In other places when it comes to religion it starts…
Tibet, the Heaven on Knees
Pilgrimage rode to Lhasa, the Holy City in Tibet, is paved with reverence towards the Mother Nature, faith in life and love, sometimes with sacrifice and death.
My pilgrimage journey started from Nyingchi where was renowned as the ‘Second Heaven’. I came across a Tibetan grandma who was 62-year-old. An interleaved eye contact allowed us to read the peace and warmth in each other’s eyes. Right after the glance, we agreed to support each other in the following Pilgrimage…
Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year is a Holiday celebrated in the Chinese culture, which is celebrated every year. the day ranges from end of January to mid-February. It is one of the most significant celebrations in the Chinese culture. The Holiday consists of parties and great food, but also has deeper meaning. The day is meant to bring people good luck, and happiness throughout the year. It is also a day where you forgive and forget all grudges you have against people. There are several explanations…
Article - Asoke Kumar Mehera
Chinese State-centric CSR perspective: A Critical Study of the impact on NGOs (operating in Shanghai & Guangdong): An Multiple Method Approach.
Background and significance of the study: The principal focus of this research is to explore the Chinese state-centric attitude towards NGOs as part of the broader implementation of CSR strategies. This research is going to concentrate on the emergence of local corporatist state framework, which is paving a new way for…
Chinese Schools of Buddhism
Religious Studies 100
Dr. Andrew Lawn
March 5th, 2012
Buddhism is a large part of China’s rich history, dating all the way back to the arrival of missionaries during the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BCE). However, it wasn’t until around 67 CE that Buddhism became officially recognized religion within the country (Buddhism(s): Oh, p38). Because of this dominant religion within their country, schools began to emerge in the 5th in 6th…
Others (concepts, religious sects, etc)
Hua Yen: Influences Neo-confuciamism, emphasis on relationship between one phenomenon and another. Everything in the universe is related to one another. Like different lakes that come from the same water. For example tress-labour- chemical- water-soil-tools used for making paper, one thing related to million of other things. Everything in the universe represents the same supreme MIND.
Wu/satori in Japanese: realization
Four noble truths:…
Theme #4: The Six Realms and the Wheel of Life
One of the most vivid and useful Buddhist teachings for children is the cosmology of the wheel of life and the six realms. In this worldview, the universe is divided into six realms: heaven, hell, animals, hungry ghosts, asuras (jealous gods), and humans. A being is never trapped in one realm; their actions determine where they will be reborn…
The Buddhist Experience
Buddhism is a religion that focuses more on the individual and the actions of that individual, which was prevalent to me when I made my way into Portland and set foot in a Buddhist temple. The man I met within the walls of this temple was far from my stereotypical thoughts of Buddhist monks. The man I met looked like your plain old, average Joe, American man. Before I delve into the depths of my visit to this inspiring place, I need to sum up the Buddhist religion and why…
This is my longer analysis of the Kingdom of Heaven. Appreciate any feedback. [SPOILER WARNING]
The Kingdom of Heaven is an anti-religion humanist epic. The moral of the story is that humanism is better than religion. KOH uses a traditional storytelling formula designed to convince people to reject a particular belief or worldview. A sympathetic hero begins the story believing in the worldview the screenwriter wants to discredit. After seeing the worldview for what it really is (according to the…
Crestwell Jr., John T., Pastor, Is Buddhism Practical in Western Culture? Retrieved July 21, 2008 from http://www.dmuuc.org/minister/John/Buddhism.html
McIntyre, Ray, A Basis for a Buddhist Ethic. Retrieved July 21, 2008 from http://buddhist-beliefs.suite101.com/article.cfm/a_basis_for_a_buddhist_ethic
Molloy, Michael (2008) Experiencing the World’s Religions: Tradition Challenge, and Change. Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Sarma, P. Ravi, MD. Hindus: How does Hinduism…