Chinese Immigration DBQ

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Pages: 3

In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act which stopped the immigration of the Chinese. Around the same time, Congress also was given absolute power over immigration, meaning immigration was now becoming ‘selective’ on who would be given entry into the United States. There were two immigration processing centers: one was on the East coast called Ellis Island and the other on the West coast called Angel Island. Ellis Island processed Europeans and only denied approximately 2% of people because they were deemed undesirable. The Immigration Act of 1917 Lists Excludable Classes (chapter 6, document 5) lists classes that people will be excluded rather than included, many are based on health and pass criminal record (Ngai 190).
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That further shows how the United States wanted the Chinese not to immigrate to the country as much, but rather have more Europeans come. As it is put in document 3, “the validity of the act is assailed as being in effect and expulsion from the country of Chinese laborers” (Ngai182). Meaning reason behind the Chinese Immigration Act was to stop Chinese laborers from entering the country. The immigration of Chinese was viewed as an invasion of profitable Chinese labors (Ngai 198). In addition, “white workers felt their living standards were threatened by the low wages acceptable to many Chinese” (Gerber 25). This shows that companies could have more low waged Chinese labors rather than one skilled person for the same amount of …show more content…
Meaning that as a citizen, there are civil duties that people should do, for example, voting. When immigrants come to the United States, are they protected by the Constitution? Linda Bosniak concluded that the treatment of foreign-born is that the immigrant has no constitutional protection, but has substantive rights while in the country (Ngai 180). Meaning that even if the immigrants do not have constitutional rights as regular citizens they will still be protected with basic needs. However, the immigrants are subject to deportation at any time (Ngai 205). That is because they are not real citizens and if they committed a crime of some sort or stay pass their time in the country they have to be sent back to the country they came