Essay about Chronic Diseases

Submitted By allme63
Words: 733
Pages: 3

Chronic Diseases

Diabetes is characterized by constantly having high levels of glucose in the blood. There are two types of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an immune disorder. Insulin dependent diabetes is an autoimmune disorder where the person’s body attacks and damages cells in the pancreas that make insulin. With the lack of insulin production the body cannot take glucose and dispose of it normally. This results in a permanently high blood glucose level within that person. This type of diabetes is commonly called juvenile diabetes because it most commonly appears during childhood, although it is possible to get type 1 diabetes at any time within your life. Type 1 diabetics are the type of diabetics that rely on daily shoots of insulin to maintain a healthy blood glucose level. Type 1 diabetics have to be very careful with their diets and exercise regularly. Since type 1 diabetes is the lesser known of the two types of diabetes they have a general lack of support that a type 2 diabetic would have. There is less research done on type 1 diabetes and a smaller amount of money for community support programs for this disease. Some of the things that a type one diabetic can control are their diet and the amount of exercise they work into their daily life. Maintaining a healthy diet is key with type 1 diabetes. Exercise is also very important as with almost every other disease maintaining a regular exercise program will help the body stay strong in order to cope with the strain of this disease.
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder where the person’s body does one of two things; their pancreas does not make enough insulin or their cells are resistant to the effects of insulin and do not properly us the insulin available within the body. Type 2 diabetes is a disease, unlike type 1 in the fact that it does not happen overnight. With type 2 diabetes you develop the disease slowly over an extended period of time. A large contributing factor to the development of type 2 diabetes is a large quantity of fatty acids found in overweight people’s fat cells. These fatty acids cause the body’s response to glucose within the blood stream to become inhibited it also causes a suppression of the liver’s sensitivity to insulin. This means that the liver’s ability to maintain blood glucose levels within the body to fail. At this stage of the disease a person would be diagnosed with pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes means that the blood glucose levels are high but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There are ways of controlling type two diabetes. One way to control the effects of having type 2 diabetes is to modify your diet. If a person with type 2 diabetes maintains a diet rich in fruits and vegetables along with eating plenty of whole grains and choosing low fat or fat