What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite.
The pathogen that causes the infection is called S aureus or staph it is one of the most common bacteria that cause diseases in humans. There are hundreds of different kinds of pathogens that are associated with Staphylococcus some more serious than others. Most healthy people carry some kind of staphylococcus in their nose and on their skin. Under a microscope they look like tiny little berries. Unless a person develops some kind of infection on the skin the bacteria does not pose a threat. The natural barrier of the skin has to be broken for the infection to cause any serious problems. People with weak immune systems because of disease or who take immune suppressing medication are more at risk of developing a staph infection.
How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water? Staphylococcal is a gastronomical illness or food poisoning. People get it from eating foods with staphylococcus aureus it can be transmitted from a person who has the pathogen and then handles food. The pathogen is found in unpasteurized milk and cheese. The bacterium is also found in salty foods such as ham it is resistant to high levels of heat. This pathogen can also be transmitted thru water by someone carrying the bacterium or by drink dirty water. Another way that staphylococcus can be transmitted is thru swimming pools this can be a breeding ground for the bacteria because of the warm damp conditions. It is important to treat the pool water with chemicals to keep these bacteria from multiplying and have a pool filtration system installed.
What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States?
There was a real life out break reported by the CDC in Florida on September 27, 1997. According to the report obtained there were several individuals who had attended the retirement party that ate contaminated ham. They all within a few hours started having symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. The ham tested positive for the bacteria known as staphylococcal enterotoxin. The symptoms lasted for twenty four hours and a few individuals where hospitalized overnight. They are not sure how the ham was contaminated they assumed it was during the preparation stage and some of the equipment was not cleaned according to the manufacturing instructions. The women stated she did not use the right sanitary spray for cleaning the meat slicer and had stored the meat in a plastic containers cover with tin foil overnight at her home.
What are the clinical symptoms, duration of the disease, and treatment if any?
There are many different symptoms that occur with this disease such as pus filed boils on the skin or abscess. If it enters the blood stream you may have high fever, chills, low blood pressure. If you contract it thru food