On December 4, 2014
To Dr. Montgomery-Scott
CJ519 Final Paper
Analyzing the History of Drugs
And Understand the
Drug Laws, Drug Problems, Drug Use and Abuse
I will discuss the history of drugs starting with the Drug regulation from 1914 – 1937. Then I will talk about drugs in relation to witchcraft. Drugs use with witchcraft had a special effects on the brain and body. Heroin cause a major uproar during the 1960s and 70s. After looking at the heroin uproar I will take a look at the globalization of Drug Regulation from 2001 until present day and I will compare them to our domestic efforts of drug regulation during the same time. I will take a look at the theories of drug use and abuse and the psychological perspective that it mainly come from. I will talk about drug abuse in reference to inhalants steroids and the medical use of marijuana. Where there is drug abuse there’s crime. I wanted to know the relationship between drugs and crime. Because of drug use and abuse the law enforcement of illicit drugs needed to be effective. I will explore the strategy use by the United States to prevent drugs from being smuggle across the border.
While researching the history of drugs I came across many drug regulations. Here are some key issues in the Drug Regulation from 1914-1937. Drugs in the nineteenth century were taking over with no one to police them. Morphine is the active ingredient in opium. It was used for at least three thousand years. The invention of the syringe, when use in a medical manner can save lives. But it was also used to get drugs directly in your bloodstream which cause a faster and stronger “high”. Morphine was also use to treat soldiers in pain during the Civil war. Many soldier became morphine dependent. There were no major drug control policies in the nineteenth century because the United States did not have any agencies regulating the medical field. All doctors and pharmacists were unlicensed. The two most important factors that fueled the movement toward drug regulation were the abuse of patent medicines and drug use with minority group. Patent medicines sold included alcohol, opium, morphine, cocaine, and marijuana. In 1906 the Pure Food and Drug Act required all packaged foods and drugs to list ingredients of the product. Requiring manufactures to identify special drugs contained in patent medicines. The drug control legislation meet with resistance from southern politicians. Until now states had their own drugs laws and now the federal government were intruding on state affairs. The Harrison Act of 1914 regulated drug abuse through government taxation. It required anyone importing, manufacturing, selling, or dispensing cocaine and opiate drugs to register with the Treasury Department, pay a special tax, and keep records of all transaction. This made it hard to sell drugs to minors and for your own personal gain. Marijuana being such an easy drug to grow and sell however you please to whoever you please, gave the government a real problem. The government answer to this outbreak was The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Which required that a tax be collected on its manufacture and sale. Each time marijuana was sold, the seller had to pay a tax of $100 per ounce for transfer tax stamp. Failure to pay this tax was a federal offense. The Drug Regulation from 1914-1937 addressed the United States biggest problem in a manner that effected the manufactures and sellers, their pocket books. Drugs even go back farther than this. The history of drugs go back to the age of witchcraft. Here are some drugs that are related to hexing and witchcraft and the effects on the brain and body. Atropine is principally derived from the Atropa belladonna plant, also called deadly nightshade. Injecting only a dozen or so berries is enough for death to occur. Many recipes for poisons through history have been based on this plant. At a lower dose Egyptian and Roman women used the