Essay about Classical Music Terms

Submitted By yenton
Words: 627
Pages: 3

I. Listening
Tittle Genre/Type of piece Era/Composer
A bell ringing in the Empty Skype Shakuhachi Meditative piece Zen Buddhism- Japan
Call to Prayer Heightened recitation by a muezzin Islam - Turkey
Kyrie (“Lord, have mercy) Christian Plainchant Medieval Period- Anonymous
A chantar (“I must sing) Secular troubadour song Medieval Period – Comtessa de Dia
Viderunt Omnes ( “All the ends of the earth”) Christian Polyphonic chant Medieval Period - Perotinus
Exsultate Dio (“Sing out in praise of God) Christian Motet for five voices Renaissance Period - Palestrina
Sweet Nymph come to Thy Love Secular Madrigal for two sopranos Renaissance Period - Morley
Canzona Christian antiphonal music for brass “choirs” Renaissance Period – Gabrieli
Ronde and Saltarello Secular dance pair Renaissance Period- Susato

II. Terms
Shakuhachi: an end-blown, 5 holes bamboo flute. It’s extremely to play shakuhachi in a properly manner. A Japanese master of Shakuhachi bends pitches, play notes “between notes” and generally utilizes every melodic possibility available to him.
Idiophones: one of four types of instruments, huge, whose sound is produced by hitting, shaking, or waving a solid object (their own vibrating body produces sound) (eg. Goongs, chimes, scrapers,etc.).
Conjucnt melodies: a one of two ways a melody can move, it occurs when the notes are played in a scale; the notes can move in whole or half steps in a scale; therefore, it’s easier to sing a conjunct melody.
Disjunct meloides: a one of two ways a melody can move, it occurs when the intervals between two notes is more than a second which creates a big jump and hence it’s hard to sing a disjunct melody.
Pitch: the term used to describe the exact highness or lowness of a note. The rate at which the object vibrates determines the pitch that we hear. The faster the vibrations, the higher the pitch. In music, higher or lower pitches create the sense of musical melodies.
Interval: the distance between two pitches. The closest possible interval is a unison (made up of 2 notes on the same pitch). Most intervals are made up of combinations of half steps and whole steps. Half step is the distance between a white note on the piano and the adjacent black note. A whole step is the distance between one white note and the next, if there is a black note in between. Other intervals are second, third, fouth, fifth, sixth, seventh and octave. The name is determined by counting the distance from one note to the next.
Consonant: one of