Cognition and personality development are similar in the essence that they have a timeline of development that shows milestones in the child's growth (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). When somebody is shy, they have a biologically based temperament (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). Shyness is a trait that is passed on by the parents and continues down generations (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). The environment a child is in reflects in their personality and development (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). This is determined by the way adults and other children interact with him/her (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). One way to improve your memory is to put together puzzles and play memory games (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). This helps increase their skills of the cognitive process (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). When children are around adults or people they consider to be a role model, they depict what the adults are doing and renact the behavior (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). If a child does not have a well developed memory, they will become embarressed which creates nervousness in many children (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). Many studies have concludedd that personality is inherited by their parents (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). Once a child starts to interact with their enviroment, their personality starts to grow (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). Between the biological, environmental, and genetic factors, they all have an influence in a person's cognitive process along with their personality development (Frankfort & Schustack, 2012). A trait that parents can pass on is aggression (Schmidt, 2002). A study conducted deciphered that aggression is due to a repeat allele of the DRDE gene (Schmidt, 2002). If a parent has a short temper, then the child can become aggressive (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). When a child inherits stress they become hostile when put in stressful scenarios (Jones, Mesquida, Wiener, 1996). According to evolutionary studies, men feel that power is more important which means they are at a high risk for passing aggression on to the child (Fischer & Mosquera, 2011). One reason men have more aggression than women is because they have a need for dominance (Fischer & Mosquera, 2011). In many cases, unfortunately, children do what the adult does which can be a bad thing (AACAP, 2011). If the children see people hitting walls, yelling, and throwing things, the child will then feel that it is acceptable to do the same things (AACAP, 2011). Video games and movies will encourage these negative behaviors just like the parents do (AACAP, 2011). They look up to the characters in the movies and feel that it is right to do what the people in the movies are doing (AACAP, 2011). The environment plays a major role in behavior (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). The enviroment causes behavior and it is an effect of behavior (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Genetics, enviroment, and evolution all come together to create each individual's personality (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Parents are the key to the development of personality in their child (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). The evolutionary thoery says that the parents are the ones who gives their time, effort, and resources to raise their children (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). The mother has always been considered the primary caregiver who teaches her children and prepares them for the future (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Many girls will practice taking care of dolls as a result of the role they are given (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). When a child is nurtured, the chances of the genes surviving is increased majorly (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Since children inherit different temperaments, it is important for the parents to be aware of their children's personality traits (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Conditioning is used by many parents to help teach their children which traits are acceptable to…
Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
University of Phoenix
July 111, 2011
Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
Cognition is the “science” term for "the process of thought.” Its usage varies in different ways in accordance with different disciplines: For example, in psychology and cognitive science, it refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological makeup. It addresses the questions of how psychological/cognitive…
The application , form , functions , and relevance of psychology has always been debated by many scientists . In the 19th century , the earliest psychological research performed a physiological
experimentation of how the brain and nerves work together in the production of the observable
actions and behaviors of animals . This was later termed as applied psychology that evolved into
many other forms of experimental psychology based on the views of the researchers on how
motivation in the acceptance of a clinical psychology program, he or she would study every night. Drive theory, humanistic theory, and instinct theory has been found by psychologists regarding motivation (Cherry, n.d.).
Components of Motivation
Activation, intensity, and persistence are the three main components of motivation. The decision of initiating a behavior is known as activation (Cherry, n.d.). This would be as a person enrolls into a psychology class. Persistence is the effort put forward…
August 29, 2011
Have you ever wondered how we speak? How about why our communication is considered a language and other animal’s communication is not considered language? A wide range of beliefs exist on what defines language. Thus, by exploring the definition of language and lexicon, evaluating language’s key features, the four levels of language structure and processing, and the role of language in Cognitive Psychology, an understanding…
Chapter Reaction: Cognition
Cognition or thinking is defined as “a mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is processing information – organizing it, understanding it, and communicating it to others” (Ciccarelli & White, 2011 p. 254).
Lewis M. Terman, a psychologist, selected 1,528 children to participate in a longitudinal study (Ciccarelli & White, 2011). In this experiment, there were 857 boys and 671 girls (Ciccarelli & White, 2011). These…
Social Psychology Paper (Sarah)
PSY/201Social Psychology Paper (Sarah)
What is Social Psychology? According to “Learn Psychology”, “Social psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influence and are influenced by others” (Carter & Seifert, 2014, p. 617). This brings up for evaluation of a 15 year old Caucasian female name, Sarah. Sarah will be assessed on how she behaves in relation to the social influences she encounters.…
Personality and Social Psychology , 45, 819-828
Weldon, M.S., Blair, C., & Huebsch, P. D. (2000). Group remembering: Does social loafing underlie collaborative inhibition? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition , 26(6), 1568-1577.
Kerr, N.L., & Bruun, S.E. (1983). Dispensability of member effort and group motivation losses: Free-rider effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 44, 78-94.
Komorita, S.S., Parks, C.D., & Hulbert, L.G. (1992).…
Diverse Nature of Psychology
PSY / 490
July 2, 2012
University of Phoenix
Diverse Nature of Psychology
Psychology is a diverse area of study. Within this paper it will discuss the influence of diversity and it’s major concepts within psychology. It will also discuss subtopics within psychology, as well as how subtopics are identified, and applied to other disciplines within society. As well as, explain how these subtopics affect my personal theoretical perspective. Lastly…
through peer to peer and teacher to peer learning or scaffolding, social interaction and peer relations would help the students to better internalise information, leading to a deeper understanding of the knowledge acquired (Bunce, 2003). Woolfolk & Markets (2007) discuss the use of certain ‘cultural tools’ playing an important role in cognitive development; these tools can be anything from the Internet to language or numbers.
Ann displays techniques through collaborative group work that run…
The Importance of Biology in the Study of Psychology
Ashley B. McVey
Whether it is the study of biopsychology and other fields of psychology or neuroscience, all psychologists and scientists are trying to understand the functions of the brain. The body and mind connection and how it reacts to certain behaviors or illnesses. Most all psychological functioning can be reduced to underlying brain processes. This should serve as reason alone as to why biology plays an…