Cognitive Memory Strategies

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Cognitive memory and knowledge of the real world develop and accumulate as children get older (John Locke). Newborn babies can remember things but only for a limited time; Newborn infants remember events for days or weeks at a time. But older children, on the other hand, can remember things for longer periods. As an individual grows older he/she is required to remember more complex information and consequently he/she develops strategies that aid accurate and timely memorization of information needed for daily commitments. Personally, I have used four methods of memorization in different stages and circumstances of life. Memory strategy, rehearsal, organization, and elaboration.
Memory strategy applies to multiple events in my childhood, even
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In my case, when I was in 2nd/3rd grade, my instructors used to give me and my classmates spelling and vocabulary tests every week; they would give us each a list of words to study, not only the spelling of but they also encouraged us to practice our vocabulary by practicing using them in sentences. At the beginning of every week, after my teachers had given me and my classmates our list of words to study, when I went home from school, I used to sit in my room and rehearse those words; I would typically read them off the list, and then I would look away from the list and then I would practice spelling them until I felt confident and satisfied that I knew how to spell them. And then, as for vocabulary, I would go back to my list of vocabulary and spelling words my teachers gave me and then I would practice writing each of them in a …show more content…
It refers to the process of embellishing information to be remembered to make it more memorable. Studying and memorizing material is easier and significantly less time consuming if one can find a way to make the material easier to remember. If material is not studied using elaboration there is a higher chance that one will forget the material covered on exams and have a higher chance of failing the exams. When I study for exams, my method of elaboration is, for example when I had my Abnormal Psychology exam last week, and I was studying depression, (Bipolar 1, Bipolar 2, and Cyclothymic disorder) each condition has a different set of symptoms associated with it; (Major depressive episodes, mania, and hypomania). So I grouped them, in that, I listed the more severe symptoms under the more severe disorders and the less severe symptoms under the less severe disorders; Bipolar 1 is the most severe and longest lasting; and Major Depressive Episodes and Mania are the most severe symptoms; so then I therefore, knew that those were the symptoms associated with it. And as for Bipolar 2, it ranks second in the most severe disorder so I then learned that since each disorder had 2 symptoms associated with it and Bipolar 2 ranks 2nd in most severe disorder, it had to have a severe symptom and a moderate symptom associated with it, which are Major Depressive Episodes and Hypomania. And finally, for Cyclothymic Disorder,