The Cold War began as World War II was ending. American leaders saw the power and ambitions of the Soviet Union as a threat to our national security. The Cold War was a war of words and ideologies rather than a shooting war, although at times the Cold War turned “hot” as in Korea and Vietnam. Basically, the Cold War was a rivalry between the United States as leader of the western democracies, and the Soviet Union and the nations that were controlled by the communists. Some causes of the Cold War included: Attempts by the Soviets and Chinese Communists to influence and take over areas in Asia and Europe. Containment--the policy of the United States to stop communism from spreading to other areas of the world. The Truman Doctrine--a policy of supporting anti-communist regimes with military and economic aid. The Doctrine was first used in support of democratic governments in Greece and Turkey. The Marshall Plan--a massive plan to aid in rebuilding Europe after World War II. Western allied nations, as well as neutral nations, and even the Soviet Union were offered economic assistance. The Soviet Union saw this as a threat to their attempt to gain influence in Europe and Asia. The division of Germany after the war---The Soviets blockaded West Berlin, which was deep within Communist East Germany. The Soviets thought the blockade would allow them to take over all of Berlin. The US replied with the Berlin Airlift, to supply West Berlin. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Union and the end of the Cold War
Eastern European nations set up non-Communist governments (get dates of newest non-Communist governments for countries listed above)
Berlin Wall demolished
November 9, 1989; paved the way for German reunification; marked the falling of Soviet Union
In 1990; the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany)
1991 Soviet Union abolished
26 December 1991; marked the end of Cold War; disintegrated into fifteen separate countries; lead to a complete reformulation of political, economic and military alliances all over the globe
In World War II, there were horrific times. One of the most horrific times was when it was an atomic warfare. The atomic bomb was a different and new way of destruction that was powerful in world history. Once America committed their strength to fight Japan industrially and technologically, everything changed (Spodek, 704). The Americans began bombing Japanese cities with the atomic bomb. It was unnecessary to use the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagaski. However, there are three issues to
technology: atomic weapons
uneasy alliance w democratic states
balance of power?
"bravado" - arms race
spheres of influence
spread of communism
advent of modernism --> globalization
1945 New World Order
2 Superpowers: USSR & US
essentially teenagers in power
- inexperienced, prideful, fierce
communism vs capitalism democracy
Janell Cold War Essay
World Cultures Nov. 21 2013
The Cold War was a drastic period in time. The Cold War was a feud between the USSR Soviet Union and the United States. It was called the Cold War because for the most part of the war both sides just
I believe that the start of the ‘Cold War’ was due to the Soviet Union. This is because of the mutual distrust of Josef Stalin and his alleged allies, especially with the USA’s newly elected Prime Minister, Harry Truman. Furthermore, Stalin appeared to have exterior motives, which he concealed from the other leaders, which included accommodating and expanding his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.
This resulted in suspicion and tension between all countries. Also, many of the
repressive measures was a general loss of faith in the system.
Economical strength to maintain Cold War was gone. Through the late 70's and in the 80's, the Soviet block went from stagnation to deep economic decline where problems with a centrally planned economy became evident. Shortages were widespread, investment into industries lagged, technology became obsolete, utilities collapsed, and infrastructure deteriorated. Energy crises was quit common through 80's and Eastern block was willing to
and divided. But France, Britain, and the United States decided to withdraw their forces from Germany and allow their occupation zones to form one nation. The Soviet Union responded by holding West Berlin hostage. The Soviet Union cut off highway, water, and rail traffic into Berlin’s western zones. The city faced starvation. But American and British officials flew food and supplies into West Berlin. The Soviet Union admitted defeat and lifted the blockade.
Cold War: This war is a struggle over
Everywhere I read about the cold war it says it is unlike any war the U.S ever fought, but why is that? What makes this war so much different that it stands out from all the rest? What did the war change in the world around us; did it benefit us or ruin us? Did the war cause other violent wars after it was over? How did it affect our president at the time, and how did he affect the cold war? Why don’t we take a look at our past and find out? As we start at the very beginning of this
Final Take Home Exam
World Civilization II
The Cold War dated from 1945-1991. The Cold War was the result of political and military tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War got its name because both the United States and the Soviet Union both had access to nuclear weapons, and threatened to use them on one another. In 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed ending the Cold War.
As far as the world being more safe now that the Cold War is over
USA and USSR started a cold war after ww2. The USA with many western democratic countries formed NATO, then USSR with many eastern communist countries formed Warsaw Pact.The Berlin Wall which divided eastern/western Berlin, also divided the eastern world/ western world. Both the USA and he USSR had bombs, planes, rockets, and nuclear warheads. Both of them also wanted to spread their political ideas into the third world. The tension was getting bigger, as both sides sides joined in an armed
Hindsight is a wonderful tool, but sometimes it can skew your perspective. Specifically, don't write a history paper from the perspective that the way events turned out is the only way that they could have turned out. Always put yourselves in the shoes of the people of the time—at least as best as you can.
With regard to the Cold War, it's vital that you don't write your essay as if the outcome was a foregone conclusion. Yes, the United States exists and the Soviet Union does not. Yes