One constant theme in Global History is change and the time period of the Cold War which began in 1947 and lasted until 1991 was the continuing state of conflict, tension and competition that existed primarily between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. This war was given it’s name because it never actually featured any direct military action and it’s main purpose was to dominate international affairs. Throughout this period the conflict was expressed through military coalitions, espionage, weapons development, invasions, propaganda, and competitive technological development, which included the space race between the two nations. Before the Cold War the events that led up to that point was when World War II ended by the surrender of the Axis powers. Germany surrendered on May 7th to the Western Allies, and May 8th to the Soviet Union, 1945, about a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. Japan was able to hold out for another few months and was preparing for a desperate and bloody defense in the event of an American invasion of the home islands. Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6th and the 9th. After World War II there were many changes that took place and the United States emerged as the most powerful nation. The Marshall Plan was a rational effort by the United States aimed to reduce the hunger, homelessness, sickness, unemployment, and political restlessness of the 270 million people in sixteen nations in Western Europe. The main goal of The Marshall Plan was to prevent the spread of communism throughout Europe after WW2. Before the war Germany was considered the dominant power on the European continent but all that changed after they were defeated which left an open position for leadership that the Soviet Union quickly took over and also tried to replace Japan’s in Asia as the most dominant power in Asia. The Cold War happened because at the Yalta Conference Stalin promised the allies that the USSR would respect the rights of the people in liberated countries to elect their own post war governments. Then, at the end of the war, the Soviets broke that promise and forcefully installed Communist puppet governments in the East European countries they occupied. At the Potsdam Conference at the end of the European conflict Harry Truman the president of the United States met Joseph Stalin the leader of USSR, and decided he could not trust him. He was afraid that as soon as the United States packed up their Army and went home after the war the USSR would roll its tanks to the English Channel and install puppet governments in Western Europe they way they had in Eastern Europe. The USSR and the US/UK coalition also disagreed on how to occupy and administer the defeated Germany. Truman decided to leave the US Army deployed in Central Europe and not bring it home. This blocked the route the Red Army would have to take to invade Western Europe and set off the opening acts of the Cold war. These two nations had different opinions about government The USSR functioned in a Communist fashion and the United States operated with
The Impact of the Cold War
Can you imagine a war that lasted nearly 50 years and was the cause for many developments in military and technology, but contained no fighting or battles? That war is the Cold War. The Cold War was a conflict between the world’s two superpowers at the time that was a power struggle between them and resulted in many technological advancements and a major arms race, though it never reached a point of actual armed combat. It began after the end of World War II, in 1945, as…
The Cold War is a major part of not only US and Russian history, but it had an effect on many parts of Europe and North America. The Cold War was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west was led by the United States and Eastern Europe was led by the Soviet Union. These two countries became known as superpowers. Although the two superpowers never officially declared war on each other, they fought indirectly in proxy…
The Cold War
In 1945, the main reason for the start of the cold war was the alliance between America and USSR. It’s was called the Cold War because of how there was no active war between them, their fear of nuclear escalation kept them apart. USSR wanted to prevent Germany’s invasion by spreading communism through Eastern Europe. America didn’t agree so much with the idea of communism because they followed democracy. America had begun using their atomic weapons and the Soviets feared it…
The topic of the Cold War parallels with one ideal, the ideal of Communism. The threat of Communism in our country and our allies dominated the United States’ mindset throughout the mid to late 20th century. It seemed as though war and hardship had a way of following the United States. The people of the United States looked to one person, the president, to pave the road through this time period and find a final solution for peace. The decades of the Cold War are marked by three presidents who…
I believe that the start of the ‘Cold War’ was due to the Soviet Union. This is because of the mutual distrust of Josef Stalin and his alleged allies, especially with the USA’s newly elected Prime Minister, Harry Truman. Furthermore, Stalin appeared to have exterior motives, which he concealed from the other leaders, which included accommodating and expanding his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.
This resulted in suspicion and tension between all countries. Also, many of the disagreements…
balance of power?
"bravado" - arms race
spheres of influence
spread of communism
advent of modernism --> globalization
1945 New World Order
2 Superpowers: USSR & US
essentially teenagers in power
- inexperienced, prideful, fierce
communism vs capitalism democracy
roots of Cold War go back to 1917 and the 30's
no more fascism
Stalin promised free elections…
Always put yourselves in the shoes of the people of the time—at least as best as you can.
With regard to the Cold War, it's vital that you don't write your essay as if the outcome was a foregone conclusion. Yes, the United States exists and the Soviet Union does not. Yes, Communism as a political movement is largely discredited while "Western capitalism" is alive and well. However, Cold War policymakers, journalists, and generals didn't know, in 1963, that within the next thirty the Soviet Union and…
confirmed the wisdom of containment; when challenged, the Russians backed down
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; the U.S. joined in 1949; designed to counter a Soviet threat to Western Europe; first time the U.S. pledged to go to war if one of its allies was attacked
Communist takeover of China under Mao Zedong
October 1st, 1949, Mao established the People’s Republic of China; for Republican: Truman and “pro-Communists in the State Department” had “lost” China; for Democrats:…
domestic power through a brutal state security system involving lethal purges, gulags, broad censorship, and the use of informants. The net effect of these repressive measures was a general loss of faith in the system.
Economical strength to maintain Cold War was gone. Through the late 70's and in the 80's, the Soviet block went from stagnation to deep economic decline where problems with a centrally planned economy became evident. Shortages were widespread, investment into industries lagged, technology…
6 June 2014
The Effects of the Cold War on Canada
Since the beginning of time, humans have thrived through their own wars. Whether they be internal, personal, or worldwide, they have all undergone the struggle, fight, and passion of war. Yet, in the late 1940s, “war” changed forever. In the post World War II era from 1946 to 1991, a universal conflict arose between two of the worlds leading superpowers, the communist…