One constant theme in Global History is change and the time period of the Cold War which began in 1947 and lasted until 1991 was the continuing state of conflict, tension and competition that existed primarily between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. This war was given it’s name because it never actually featured any direct military action and it’s main purpose was to dominate international affairs. Throughout this period the conflict was expressed through military coalitions, espionage, weapons development, invasions, propaganda, and competitive technological development, which included the space race between the two nations. Before the Cold War the events that led up to that point was when World War II ended by the surrender of the Axis powers. Germany surrendered on May 7th to the Western Allies, and May 8th to the Soviet Union, 1945, about a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. Japan was able to hold out for another few months and was preparing for a desperate and bloody defense in the event of an American invasion of the home islands. Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6th and the 9th. After World War II there were many changes that took place and the United States emerged as the most powerful nation. The Marshall Plan was a rational effort by the United States aimed to reduce the hunger, homelessness, sickness, unemployment, and political restlessness of the 270 million people in sixteen nations in Western Europe. The main goal of The Marshall Plan was to prevent the spread of communism throughout Europe after WW2. Before the war Germany was considered the dominant power on the European continent but all that changed after they were defeated which left an open position for leadership that the Soviet Union quickly took over and also tried to replace Japan’s in Asia as the most dominant power in Asia. The Cold War happened because at the Yalta Conference Stalin promised the allies that the USSR would respect the rights of the people in liberated countries to elect their own post war governments. Then, at the end of the war, the Soviets broke that promise and forcefully installed Communist puppet governments in the East European countries they occupied. At the Potsdam Conference at the end of the European conflict Harry Truman the president of the United States met Joseph Stalin the leader of USSR, and decided he could not trust him. He was afraid that as soon as the United States packed up their Army and went home after the war the USSR would roll its tanks to the English Channel and install puppet governments in Western Europe they way they had in Eastern Europe. The USSR and the US/UK coalition also disagreed on how to occupy and administer the defeated Germany. Truman decided to leave the US Army deployed in Central Europe and not bring it home. This blocked the route the Red Army would have to take to invade Western Europe and set off the opening acts of the Cold war. These two nations had different opinions about government The USSR functioned in a Communist fashion and the United States operated with…
The topic of the Cold War parallels with one ideal, the ideal of Communism. The threat of Communism in our country and our allies dominated the United States’ mindset throughout the mid to late 20th century. It seemed as though war and hardship had a way of following the United States. The people of the United States looked to one person, the president, to pave the road through this time period and find a final solution for peace. The decades of the Cold War are marked by three presidents who…
Communist state—the world's second. It does not last long, and is soon replaced by the Conservative regime of Admiral Horthy. Already, the ideological fight between Communism and, broadly defined, Capitalism has begun.
The Polish-Soviet War is fought. Lenin, who wishes to bring revolution to Europe through force, is defeated by the Poles. The spread of Communism is contained. Lenin changes tactics: instead of revolution by force, he will seek to foster Communist parties and Communist revolution…
The Cold War is a major part of not only US and Russian history, but it had an effect on many parts of Europe and North America. The Cold War was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west was led by the United States and Eastern Europe was led by the Soviet Union. These two countries became known as superpowers. Although the two superpowers never officially declared war on each other, they fought indirectly in proxy…
The Cold War
In 1945, the main reason for the start of the cold war was the alliance between America and USSR. It’s was called the Cold War because of how there was no active war between them, their fear of nuclear escalation kept them apart. USSR wanted to prevent Germany’s invasion by spreading communism through Eastern Europe. America didn’t agree so much with the idea of communism because they followed democracy. America had begun…
balance of power?
"bravado" - arms race
spheres of influence
spread of communism
advent of modernism --> globalization
1945 New World Order
2 Superpowers: USSR & US
essentially teenagers in power
- inexperienced, prideful, fierce
communism vs capitalism democracy
roots of Cold War go back to 1917 and the 30's
no more fascism
Stalin promised free elections…
Cold War Essay
World Cultures Nov. 21 2013
The Cold War was a drastic period in time. The Cold War was a feud between the USSR Soviet Union and the United States. It was called the Cold War because for the most part of the war both sides just spied on each other. One of the main questions asked backed then, and still asked now is “Who started the Cold War?” Some say…
I believe that the start of the ‘Cold War’ was due to the Soviet Union. This is because of the mutual distrust of Josef Stalin and his alleged allies, especially with the USA’s newly elected Prime Minister, Harry Truman. Furthermore, Stalin appeared to have exterior motives, which he concealed from the other leaders, which included accommodating and expanding his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.
This resulted in suspicion and tension between all countries. Also, many of the disagreements…
Yalta Conference: Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin, and Winston Churchill. Before the war was over they met over to divide German into zones of occupation controlled by the Allied military forces. Germany would also have to pay the Soviet Union to compensate for its loss of life and property.
United Nations: This international organization was intended to protect the members against aggression. The charter for the new peacekeeping organization established a large body called the General Assembly…
Everywhere I read about the cold war it says it is unlike any war the U.S ever fought, but why is that? What makes this war so much different that it stands out from all the rest? What did the war change in the world around us; did it benefit us or ruin us? Did the war cause other violent wars after it was over? How did it affect our president at the time, and how did he affect the cold war? Why don’t we take a look at our past and find out? As we start at the very beginning of this war…
Cold War in Asia and Europe: Compared
Asia – Yellow
Europe – Blue
Both – Green
Second world war caused ‘bipolar world’
‘Bipolar world’ meant the US and USSR dominated
Both powers had nuclear weapons so confrontation could lead to nuclear war.
To avoid this advantage was gained through diplomacy and applying political pressure.
‘Cold War’ is the title given to a ‘war without war’.
Power was won or lost through diplomacy rather than force.
The implications on other countries as well…