Cause: What led to event or situation? | Event, Situation, Plan, or Organization. Describe what it is | Effect: What happened as a result of the event or situation? | Soviet Union broke it’s promise at Yalta Conference to allow its owned European Countries to vote for their own government. Instead, they decided to expand communism, which made Americans nervous communism would reach U.S. | Marshall PlanProgram of financial aid and other initiatives, sponsored by the U.S., designed to boost the economies of Western European countries | Stopped west Germany from going communist, because after the war, they were devastated by the destruction and high reparations | Truman requested money from congress to support free peoples who were resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures | Truman DoctrineOffered support to all countries that declined communism, attempting to contain it, and ultimately end it. Also consisted of Marshall Aid | Truman helped put down soviet expansion by asking congress for $400,000,000 | Post WWII Soviet blockade of roads into Berlin while the Western Allies were keeping a presence there | Berlin AirliftAirlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin | US showed Soviets we could beat them at any price, and kept them in their place but it cost a fortune | In response to the increasing likelihood of a war between the west and Soviet Union | NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Orginization | Russia formed Warsaw Pact | In response to Western Germany Joining NATO | Warsaw PactOrganization of communists states in Central and Eastern Europe | Gave further justification to Moscow to dictate terms to its satellite states in Eastern Europe and essentially rule over everything east of Iron Curtain | Hungarians hated Russian communism | Hungarian RevolutionOriginally a student protest which turned into a revolution and resulted in the overthrow of the Communist party in Hungary | Communist Party in Hungary was overthrown | Formed with intent to protect citizens of the United states. Established to keep track of activities of people who were thought to present a threat to the nation | HUACHouse Un-American Activities Committee | Public humiliation of prominent liberals before a committee comprised largely of right-wing conservatives | Intense anti-communist suspicion |
to prevent Britain from going to war with Germany.
Blitzkrieg War strategy used by Germany, lightning war, surprise and fast.
Non-aggression pact 1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland. Hitler did this to avoid a two sided war and instead fight to the west only.
Pearl Harbor United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on…
Origins of the Cold War
A. Ideological Differences:
communism (soviet union) vs. Capitalism (US) ; trade, free market, we need places to go with our product.
Dictatorship vs. Democracy
B. Establishing the Post-War World
1. World Bank & IMF US $7 billion to each Stalin refuses
Bank responsible for allocating loans and help reconstruct Europe WWII
IMF- coincides with the world bank, regulating exchange rates with other countries, stimulate growth, invite Stalin..he refuses when he…
I. Kennedy and the Cold War
1. Kennedy Defeats Nixon in 1960
● Even during the Cold War, many problems were still occurring in our
A. The Candidates
● Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy were running against each
● Both served in WWII and were born in the 20th century
● They were passionate about foreign affairs
● Kennedy was born into a prosperous family with is grand-father
serving in the senate and his father was a Great Britain ambassador.
He went to Harvard
● Nixon was born…
Dream of the Blue Turtles, includes “Russians” a song that covers most of The Cold War history and the tough talks between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Cold War was a stressful time for the two “superpowers”, the U.S and Soviet Unions, and all those families who where losing loved ones. This song describes how perhaps love is what can stop treacherous things from happening. The chances of a nuclear war happening was very high, the United States was not even aware of that until everything…
Chapter 15 Notes
The Cold War
I. The Cold War Unfolds
a. After WWII, two great powers remained. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers.
i. Superpowers – nations stronger than other powerful nations.
b. Two Sides Face Off
i. The United States led the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Western Europe, while the Soviet Union led the Warsaw Pact in Eastern Europe.
ii. The two alliances faced each other along the Iron Curtain, the line between…
Churchill, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt
early in February 1945 as World War II was winding down.
● WWII Allies wish to keep good relations & keep working together in post war
● Yalta conference created agreements about postwar europe that pleased all
● Germany would be divided into occupation zones
● there would be free elections in the liberated countries of Eastern
Europe (even though Soviet troops now controlled this territory)
● the Soviets would enter the war against Japan…
political, and economic conditions of the 1950’s; which lead to the social upheaval of the 1960’s.
In the 1950s the United States was marked by economic growth and an increase in manufacturing and home construction due to the post WWII economic boom. The Cold War also began during this time frame and brought with it many conflicts that helped create the proliferation of a politically conservative environment throughout the country. The fear of communism resulted in many Congressional hearings…
political and ideological barrier set up by Stalin’s rule of communist Russia. No trading or communication was allowed between Eastern Russian countries in the U.S.S.R. and the rest of Eastern Europe. Started after the end of WWII when Stalin had a different idea for a post war world. After 1953 the curtain slowly faded away and was completely lifted around 1989-90. Ran from East Germany to the Mediterranean.
2. NATO- A treaty between countries that wanted world peace. Stands for North Atlantic…
The Cold War
The Cold War developed in 1945 between two controversial parties, The Soviet Union and
America. Both parties main goal was to dominate international affairs for many years to come. The
Cuban Missile Crisis and The Berlin Wall were two of the several events that occurred during this time.
The main issue concerned throughout the Cold War was the growth in weapons of mass destruction.
The Cold War was a war without warfare. A war that was…
Europe in the early 20th
Chapter 8 Europe and America read pages 325- 357
In this section we approach the modern era. It covers the era of the ‘cold war’, which threatened at times to turn ‘hot’.
1. What was Kennedy’s change of heart in June 1963 watch the speech using the following link: (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjHcNhcahv4) compare with Ronald Reagan’s speech 20 years later. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjWDrTXMgF8)
On June 26, 1963, President John F. Kennedy delivered…