Cold War Notes Essay

Submitted By wallurd123
Words: 450
Pages: 2

US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima/Nagasaki • Hiroshima was bombed on August 6th, 1945 • Nagasaki was bombed on August 9th, 1945 • Truman gives orders • Causes Japan to drop out of WWII

Marshall Plan • 1947 • U.S. worried about soviet expansion into Western Europe • A massive economic recovery program was launched • Named after Secretary of State, George Marshall • Gives aid to Western Europe

Berlin Airlift • June 1948 • Western Berlin is blockaded • An airlift of food and supplies is given to the city by Truman so people don’t starve • Blockade lifted in May 1949

Korean War • North Korea invades South Korea in June 25, 1950 • U.N. forces are on South Korea’s side • Communist China on the side of North Korea • Ends after three years on July 27, 1953

Uprising in Hungary • 1956 • Students demonstrate against Hungary for their Soviet-imposed Communist government • Two weeks after the riots begin, Soviet troops invade and kill thousands of civilians • The U.S. did not intervene

Sputnik • 1957 • First space satellite launched into orbit by Soviets • U.S. was caught off guard • U.S. lands the first man on the moon in July 1969

Berlin Wall Built • August 13, 1961 • Soviets and East Germans begin building Berlin Wall • 250 people were killed while trying to escape • Divided people above and below ground

Cuban Missile Crisis • 1962 • Nuclear missiles are deployed in Cuba by the Soviets in range of Florida • President John F. Kennedy blockades Cuba and gets close to a nuclear war • Lasted 13 days

Vietnam War • 1960s-1975 • U.S. aids South Vietnam in 1965 against communist North Vietnam supported by Soviets and Chinese • 58,000 U.S. troops died by 1973 • Communist forces take over south in 1975

Prague Spring • 1968 • Reforms are attempted to be instituted by Czechoslovakia’s Communist Party • Media and the introduction multiparty democracy are failures • Reforms are stopped by