Cold War Oral NOTES Essay

Submitted By rkhanna_332
Words: 2598
Pages: 11

Truman, C 2014, 'What was the Cold War?', History Learning site, Accessed April, Source: from
'The Cold War and the Crisis in Korea', Korean War, 2014, Accessed: April 2015, Source: from:
The cold war is the name given to the relationship that developed primarily between the USA and the USSR after WW2. The cold war took over several hurdles such the Cuban missile crises, clash of north and south Vietnam, Hungary and the Berlin wall just to name a few. For most, the growth in weapon of mass destruction was the most worrying issue. The clash was of very different beliefs and ideologies, capitalism vs the fear of communism- each with its religions convictions, formed the bases of an international power struggle with both sides vying for dominance exploiting every opportunity for expansion anywhere in the world.
Although USA and USSR fought as allies during WW2, their relationship after the war was firm and friendly. This never happened and any appearance that these super-powers were friendly during the war was illusory.
Before the war, America depicted USSR as the devil-incarnate.
The Soviet Union also has similar views so their friendship in the war was simply the cause of having a mutual enemy- Nazi Germany.
An event where the clash of these 2 nations in war occurred when one of America leading generals Patton, stated that he felt the allied army should unite with what was left of the Wehrmacht in 1945, utilise the military genius that existed within it (such as the V2’s) and fight the oncoming Soviet Red Army.
So the history of distrust was always there with America and USSR- even in the war and before the end as well. (remember these were allies)
The soviet leader, Joseph Stalin also had doubts about Americans after Truman told him a few new terrifying weapons of mass destruction.
So, both countries incredibly distrusted the other. One had a vast and strong man army, while America had the most powerful weapon ever created in the world- the A bomb.
Cold war definition- Best describes the relationship between America and USSR 1945- 1980. Neither side ever fought the other- the aftermath as would consequences be beyond imaginable, but they did ‘fight’ for their beliefs using client states who fought for their beliefs on their behalf e.g. South Vietnam was anti-Communist and was supplied by America during the war while North Vietnam was pro-Communist and fought the south (and the Americans) using weapons from communist Russia or communist China. In Afghanistan, the Americans supplied the rebel Afghans after the Soviet Union invaded in 1979 while they never physically involved themselves thus avoiding a direct clash with the Soviet Union.

'Causes of the Cold war', Shmoop, 2014, Accessed: April 2015, Source: from:
Causes of the Cold war
American fear of communist attack
Truman’s dislike of Stalin
USSR’s fear of the American's atomic bomb
USSR’s dislike of capitalism
USSR’s actions in the Soviet zone of Germany
America’s refusal to share nuclear secrets
USSR’s expansion west into Eastern Europe + broken election promises
USSR’s fear of American attack
USSR’s need for a secure western border
USSR’s aim of spreading world communism
This feeling of suspicion lead to mutual distrust and this did a great deal to deepen the Cold War
During the war, there had been growing tensions:
For a long time, Stalin refused to join the United Nations;
Stalin was angry that Britain and America kept delaying D-Day, believing it was a plot to allow Germany to weaken the Soviet Union;
At the Tehran Conference (1943) Stalin and Churchill clashed over how much control Stalin would have over the countries of Eastern Europe.
However, the 'Big Three' - especially President Roosevelt - knew that they had to stay allied until the end of…