Aristotle’s Model of Rhetoric –
Ethos – Appeal to the audience’s sense of honesty and/or authority
Pathos – Appeal to the audience’s sense of emotions
Logos – Appeal to the audience’s sense of logic
Definition of Rhetoric –
The art of using language effectively where it began.
Speech Anxiety – (#1 phobia)
Attitude, practice, time allocation, organization, research/knowledge, objectives, and self-motivation, eye contact, friendly face, forward thinking, artifacts, mind blank, movement, never stop your speech.
Reflect on the constructive, reflect on the positive.
Three parts of a formal speech – Introduction, body and conclusion
Three parts of a formal introduction – Attention getter, specific purpose statement and preview.
Types of speeches –
Types of delivery – 4 primary ways
Book info for exam
The tradition of public speaking pg. 4
Aristotle’s Rhetoric, composed during the third century B.C. is still considered the most important work on its subject and speakers follow many of its principles today.
Public speaking vs. Conversation pg. 7
Public speaking is more highly structured
Public speaking requires more formal language
Public speaking requires a different method of delivery
Developing Confidence pgs. 8-15
Greatest fear – public speaking.
Nervousness is normal, dealing with nervousness – positive nervousness, acquire speaking experience.
Prepare, think positively, and use the power of visualization/positive thinking. Know that most nervousness is not visible, don’t expect perfection.
Specific Purpose pgs. 65-71
Determine the general purpose of the speech – to inform or persuade
Specific purpose statement – A single initiative phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.
Limit your specific purpose statement to one distinctive idea; make sure it is not too vague or general.
Questions to ask yourself.
Can I accomplish my purpose in the time allotted?
Is the purpose relevant to my audience?
IS the purpose too trivial for my audience?
IS the purpose to technical