Throughout history, society has managed to set a chain of command in which there are leaders that control subordinates in order to accomplish primordial goals. Whether these leaders are controlling companies, countries or schools, it is impossible not to notice the importance they have on society and the effects on it. This is why leadership has been a relevant topic on the last generations, as regular people has been trying to make themselves leaders in order to make a change or improve their lives for different aspects. With the evolving pace of technology, leadership has been a trending topic on social networks on the past decade, in which everyone wants to hear about it and make themselves leaders of society. Nevertheless, there is a difference between regular leaders, such as managers, and those who lead. People that has made outstanding changes in history are categorized as leaders, such as presidents and CEO's, It doesn't matter if they had done good or bad to society, but that they have changed the world at their historical times.
This research proposal will focus on, what are the characteristics that make a good leader, to then fully analyze whether or not a good leader motivates subordinates, employees or citizens, to accomplish or do what their leaders want them to. With the help of empirical studies we would try to prove that a person with the characteristics of an effective leader should be able to motivate its subordinates to take initiative and do what their are supposed to do more than an ineffective leader or simple manager and thanks to that how well the company, country or organization will perform.
An empirical study of motivation in the indian air force focuses on how commanders, leaders, apply motivational techniques and practices in order to create effective air warriors. Singh (2009) estates that "No matter how much energy is put into training the soldier, if he is not adequately motivated, the outcome will constantly be low combat performance" (p.132). It is of extreme importance the combination of motivational practices with the application of effective leadership in a chain of command, such as the indian air force, where a few have control over a majority. According to An Empirical Study of Motivation in The Indian Air Force, commanders should understand each and every single of the needs of their subordinates to form an understanding environment, to then apply the "carrot-and-stick" process to accomplish tasks (Singh, 2009, p. 132). The study explains that even though human nature is seeing as simple, it could also be very complex, and an understanding of motivation in subordinated environments is an application of effective management and leadership (Singh, 2009, p. 137).
The Rise and Decline of Charismatic Leaders is an empirical study that shows how charisma was one of the most important aspects of leaders, and it's still is in some societies. The study shows how charismatic leaders emerged and then how some societies stopped caring about charisma as a quality for their leaders. its been said that after Weber, charismatic leaders were the ones that made radical changes thanks to their skills of controlling majorities (Bendix, 1985; Dow, 1969; Eisenstadt, 1968; Friedland, 1964; Trice and Beyer, 1986). The study says that it is surprising how this new genre of leadership, charismatic, theory was supported (Jacobsen, 1999). The rise and decline theory of charisma "includes a description of the social conditions which facilitate the emergence and effectiveness of charismatic leaders, the behaviors and personality characteristics that distinguish charismatic leaders from others, their psychological effects on followers, their sociological effects on normative social arrangements of the collectives they lead, and the process of routinization of the charismatic vision and relationship." (Jacobsen, 1999).