FUNDAMENTALS OF COMMUNICATION
MON.-THURS. @ 3:00
INSTRUCTOR: PROFESSOR Clark
Today I will give you all some information concerning the culture of India. India is a favorite country of mine every since I had to do a report on India for a cultural development class. The things that I have found out concerning their attitudes, how they are non-confrontational and the different business etiquettes of the Indians are amazing. I wish I could have run across this article two semesters ago; it would have helped me tremendously. There are some things you need to know about India. India is the located in Southern Asia, bordering Bangladesh, the capital is New Delhi, and they have a population of over 1 Billion people and there are five major religions, which are Hindu (82%), Muslim (12%), Christianity (3%), Sikh (2%) and other religions like, Buddhists, Jain and Parsi make up the other 1%. The influences of Hinduism and the tradition of the caste system have created a culture that emphasizes established hierarchical relationships. Indians are always conscious of social order and their status relative to other people, be they family, friends, or strangers. All relationships involve hierarchies. In schools, teachers are called gurus and are viewed as the source of all knowledge. The patriarch, usually the father, is considered the leader of the family. The boss is seen as the source of ultimate responsibility in business. Every relationship has a clear- cut hierarchy that must be observed for the social order to be maintained. People typically define themselves by the groups to which they belong rather than by their status as individuals. Someone is deemed to be affiliated to a specific state, region, city, family, career path, religion, etc. This group orientation stems from the close personal ties Indians maintain with their family, including the extended family. The extended family creates a myriad of interrelationships, rules, and structures. Along with these mutual obligations comes a deep-rooted trust among relatives.
Indians do not like to express 'no,' be it verbally or non- verbally. Rather than disappoint you, for example, by saying something isn't available, Indians will offer you the response that they think you want to hear. This behaviour should not be considered dishonest. An Indian would be considered terribly rude if he did not attempt to give a person what had been asked. Since they do not like to give negative answers, Indians may give an affirmative answer but be deliberately vague about any specific details. This will require you to look for non-verbal cues, such as a reluctance to commit to an actual time for a meeting or an enthusiastic response. Religion, education and social class all influence greetings in India. This is a hierarchical culture, so greet the eldest or most senior person first.When leaving a group, each person must be bid farewell individually. Shaking hands is common, especially in the large cities among the more educated who are accustomed to dealing with westerners. Men may shake hands with other men and women may shake hands with other women; however there are seldom handshakes between men and women because of religious beliefs. If you are uncertain, wait for them to extend their hand. Indian names vary based upon religion, social class, and region of the country. The following are some basic guidelines to understanding the naming conventions, although you will always find exceptions to rules: Hindus In the north, many people have both a given name and a surname. In the south, surnames are less common and a person generally uses the initial of their father's name in front of their own name. The man's formal name is their name "s/o" (son of) and the father's name. Women use "d/o" to refer to themselves as the daughter of their father. At marriage, women drop their father's name and use their first name with