Community Pol Essay

Submitted By Udani-Perera
Words: 1241
Pages: 5

What is community policing? Community policing is a new philosophy of policing, based on the concept that police officers and private citizens working together in creative ways to achieve a common goal – to reduce crime. In order for the police to achieve goals of policing they must form relationships with the law-abiding citizens in the community, allowing them a greater voice in improving and setting local priorities in the community. In this essay the broken windows model and the problem-oriented model, which is also known as POP, will be compared and contrasted. Community policing has had a long and difficult birth, which has raised questions about its goals and functions. When comparing and contrasting these two concepts, what the ideal goals of community policing will play a crucial key role. The problem-oriented model best serves the goals of community policing because the process involves scanning, analyzing, responding and assessing a situation. The broken windows model was developed by James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling. This concept is mainly associated with order maintenance. The ‘broken windows model’ means that the community is open for criminal business. It was used as a metaphor for neighborhood deterioration. The foot patrol officers would observe that if a window were broken in a building, in a short-term period all the windows would be broken. If it remains unrepaired it means that no one cares about the quality of the neighborhood life. It gives the faulty impression that the neighborhood doesn’t bother to fix little things leaving the community open for danger. This triggers further neglect encouraging criminal activities because little things are not fixed on time. Crimes occur in areas where it is tolerated. For an example, the Jane-Finch neighborhood is considered to be one of the highly disordered communities in the GTA. This was a result of not taking required action when little signs appeared in the previous years. Another aspect of this model is that it values the importance of orderly and respectable residents moving out of communities leaving them to an underclass who diminish the value of anti-poverty and regeneration programs. The goals of this model are to get rid of the disorderly individuals and restructure dangerous communities, taking immediate actions to even the smallest issues before they expand into something big and strengthening communal and family values. It places a high priority on community pride and its status. The problem-oriented policing was developed by Herman Goldstein in 1979. This is a policing strategy that involves identification and analysis of specific crime and disorder problems, in order to develop effective response strategies. It involves the police force taking a proactive approach identifying underlying root causes of problems. They are trained to do is by placing each crime thought microscopic examination hoping to discover innovative ways to deal with them. It places emphasis on dealing with singular issues at hand one by one. According to Goldstein, job of an officer is usually problem-oriented meaning when the police respond to 911 calls they are presented with a problem and they must find a resolution immediately. However, the problem-oriented policing goes beyond analyzing whether a law is violated. It is considered to be one of the best crime-fighting tools to this date. Goals of POP are working to prevent problems, developing effective strategic responses, be proactive and developing ties within the community. The problem solving process has four important steps. They are scanning, analysis, response and assessment usually referred to as SARA. In this paragraph I will be comparing and contrasting the two models of community policing. When comparing the broken windows model and the problem-oriented model, they both have foot patrol officers throughout neighborhoods and they both value…