World History II Period 3
26 November 2012
1. How did Napoleon go about building his empire? Napoleon was known for his success on the battlefield; he took great risks and even suffered huge losses. He was a military leader that valued rapid movements and made effective use of his large armies. He always had a new plan for each battle therefore his enemies could never anticipate what he would do next. Napoleon withdrew the map of Europe, adding Netherlands, Belgium and parts of Italy and Germany to the areas of France.
2. What challenges came to his empire from Britain, Spain, Russia and Austria?
Spain was a challenge because they resisted the French and stayed loyal to their king and the Church. Spanish patriots conducted a plan to start a battle against the French. These attacks kept many French soldiers tied down to Spain. British sent an army to help fight against France. Spain encouraged Austria to resist France which made the French furious. After the French beat Austria in two battles, both countries agreed on signing a peace agreement. Russia was unhappy with the economic effects of Napoleon’s Continental System which led to the czar withdrawing Russia from it. France invaded Russia.
3. Why did the United States become involved in the war with Great Britain?
France and Britain had many problems which led to Britain having conflicts with the United States. British started a battle with the United States by attacking their American ships which angered many people. There were many attempts in which Great Britain tried imposing a blockade on France during the Napoleonic Wars which was a constant source of conflict with the United States. This event led to the War of 1812. Although British exports declined, its powerful navy kept open many trade routes to the Americas and India.
4. How was Napoleon eventually defeated?
The retreat from Moscow was the desperate battle for survival that was 1,000 miles. Russia, Britain Austria and Prussia brought a new alliance against France. After this alliance, Napoleon was defeated in the battle of Nations at Lepizig. Napoleon was forced to retire from power and victors exiled him to an island in the Mediterranean known as Elba. An economic depression feared the French people and Napoleon was asked to return to the old regime and take control of the country once again. Napoleon returned to France in the Battle of Waterloo, unfortunately for him his power only lasted One Hundred Days. Napoleon was forced to abdicate again and go on his final exile to St. Helena.
5. What were the goals of the leaders at the Congress of Vienna? Were they successful?
The chief goal of the Congress of Vienna was to create a long lasting peace agreement by establishing a balance of power and protecting the system of monarchy. Another goal was to prevent political revolutions, such as the French Revolution and help maintain an organized government. Each of the leaders also had their own goals they wished to pursue. The Vienna statesmen achieved their immediate goals, but they failed to foresee how powerful new foresee such as nationalism would shake the foundations of Europe.
6. Who is James Watt and how did he revolutionize European technology?
James Watt was a Scottish inventor and engineer who was known as the “Father of the Industrial Revolution”. Watt was repairing a steam engine when we realized he could somehow improve the design. His improvements on the steam engine advanced the Industrial Revolution. If Watt’s clever invention was not discovered then neither the English nor the Americans would have been able to take place.
7. What contribution did Abraham Darby make to the Industrial Revolution?
Englishmen Abraham Darby invented coal smelting in 1709. This invention advanced the mass production of brass and iron goods. Darby found a way to remove impurities that damaged the iron and led him to produce better-quality iron. This was a big help to Britain