Compromise of 1850 and Civil War Essay

Submitted By chcworks123
Words: 1962
Pages: 8

Causes of
The Civil War

By Jennifer Lynn Meador
Assisted by Mr. Campbell’s A.P. History class

03/15/15

Causes of The Civil War

1

1619 Arrival of
Africans

• Slavery outlawed in Europe
• Nowhere to unload cargo • Africans were dropped in

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Causes of The Civil War

2

…1619 Arrival of
Africans

• Greater need for labor • Indentured status

– Better adaptation
– Resistant to disease
– Valuable workers

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Causes of The Civil War

3

1776 Declaration of
Independence
• Jefferson wrote
Declaration for all to be equal
– “We hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men are created equal.” 03/15/15

Causes of The Civil War

4

…1776 Declaration of
Independence
• Southern states would not agree
• Franklin and Adams compromised with
Jefferson to drop issue • Slavery was not stopped • Slavery spread

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Causes of The Civil War

5

Compromise of 1820
• United States
Free/Slave Soil Map - 1820
The Missouri Compromise

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Causes of The Civil War

6

…Compromise of 1820
• Congress admitted Missouri as slave state
• U.S. compensated Texas for their loses • California made a new state
• Order attempted in Washington
D.C. by removing slavery
• Fugitive slave law: Slaves fleeing to
North must be returned to owners in South
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Causes of The Civil War

7

Sectionalism
• North:
– Industrial, Anti-slavery

• South:
– Agricultural, Pro-slavery

• West:
– Split, half anti and half proslavery

• Each section was distinct in their position on slavery 03/15/15

Causes of The Civil War

8

Election of 1828

• “Revolution of 1828”
• Jackson had 647,286 votes and
Adams had 508, 064 votes
• Adam accepted to House of
Representatives from
Massachusetts
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Causes of The Civil War

9

John C. Calhoun
• Thought states were more powerful than
Federal government
• Thought Federal government was limited
• Vice President for two years (resigned because of differences with
Andrew Jackson)
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Causes of The Civil War

10

…John C. Calhoun
• Wrote essay in 1828 insisting states should have right to prevent unconstitutional law from becoming enforced in their territory • Ideas served as springboard for secessionist philosophy
• Wrote doctrine of Nullification
• "The Great Nullifier"
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Causes of The Civil War

11

Nullification
• Nullification gave southern states taste of what life was like without north telling the south what to do
• John C. Calhoun's doctrine
• Asserts the right of states to
'nullify' (ignore) federal laws with which they disagree

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Causes of The Civil War

12

Tariff of Abomination
• John C. Calhoun’s Expedition influenced doctrine of secessionists • Heightened southern fears that federal government may one day eliminate slavery in south
• Force Bill would serve as ancestor to bloody fighting of Civil War

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Causes of The Civil War

13

1787 U.S. Constitution

• Constitution did not abolish slavery • 3/5 compromise drove a wedge between north and south

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Causes of The Civil War

14

Manifest Destiny
• Dream to build a
Nation that went from coast to coast
• From Atlantic Ocean to
Pacific Ocean
• Plan was going to take a while but would be worth it

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Causes of The Civil War

15

Mexican War
• Arose because of territory expansion and trying to keep the balance between slave and nonslave states

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Causes of The Civil War

16

California Gold Rush
• This period helped expand and spread out American population
• Poor economic condition of country at the time helped encourage western movement and lure gold miners

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Causes of The Civil War

17

Popular Sovereignty
• Democrats unhappy because they thought popular sovereignty was a victory for slavery because it would allow southerners to bring their slaves into new land

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Causes of The Civil War

18

…Popular Sovereignty
• Settlers in new territories make own decision…