1. Glorious Revolution- The bloodless overthrow of King James II and his replacement by William and Mary.
2. Democracy- A government ruled by the people.
3. Natural Law- Recognizing the world’s predictable patterns is Natural Law.
4. Reason- Greeks believed that the laws of nature could be understood by reason. Believed laws should be based on reason.
5. Plato- A philosopher in Ancient Greece, student of Socrates, and a writer of philosophical dialogues.
6. Socrates- An ancient Athenian philosopher. Founder of Western philosophy.
7. Monarch- A sovereign head of state (a king, a queen, an emperor, etc.)
8. Representative Government- A form of government founded on the principle of elected individuals representing the people.
9. Republic- Supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected president rather than a monarch.
10. Rule by law- A legal maxim according to which no one is immune to the law.
11. Civil Rights- The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
12. Civil Liberties- The state of being subject only to laws established for the good of the community especially with regard to freedom of action and speech.
13. The Assembly- The central events of the Athenian democracy were the meetings of The Assembly. The Assembly’s members were not elected, but attended by right when they chose.
14. Pure Democracy- A form of democracy in which sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate.
15. Citizenship- The status of a citizen with rights and duties to follow for their country.
16. Magna Carta- England’s first major constitutional document. This document limited the king’s power and listed the rights for the upper class.
17. House of Lords- The representatives in Parliament that represented the needs of the upper class and nobles.
18. House of Commons- The representatives in Parliament that represented the average people.
19. Nobility- The group of people belonging to the noble class in a country, especially those with a hereditary or honorary title.
20. Henry VIII- The most charismatic king the world has ever seen. Changed the entire religious landscape of England by making the Anglican Church.
21. Parliament- The highest legislature in the UK, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
22. Elizabeth I- The daughter of Henry VIII. Established the Anglican Church as the primary Protestant Church in England.
23. Puritans- The very strictly religious Protestants.
24. Anglican Church- The national church of England that was created by Henry VIII.
25. James I- Elizabeth I’s cousin. Came from the Stuart Dynasty. He did not believe in Parliament, but believed in Divine Rights of Kings.
26. “Divine Rights”- Asserts that a monarch is subject to no earthly authority, deriving the right to rule directly from the will of God.
27. Eleven years’ Tyranny- Charles I, James I’s son, clashed with Parliament all the time. The 11-years tyranny began when he decided to ban Parliament from meeting.
28. Protestant Church- One of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship.
29. Petition of Right- The petition was given to Charles I to limit his power and give more rights to citizens in exchange for money and he agreed to it, only to later ignore it.
30. Cavaliers- Charles I fled and rounded up his followers: The Catholics, nobility, The Anglican Church, and members of the House of Lords, who were known as the Cavaliers in the English Civil War.
31. Roundheads- Oliver Cromwell led the Roundheads into the English Civil War: The Protestants, The Puritans, the common people, and members of the House of Commons.
32. Oliver Cromwell- Led the Roundheads into the English Civil War and came out with the victory. Became military leader. Strict Puritan. Eventually became to lead in a dictator fashion.
33. The Restoration- The return of a hereditary