Essay on Confession of Betrayl

Submitted By jackjb
Words: 675
Pages: 3

PHILOSOPHY MID-TERM EXAM REVIEW
KEY TERMS:
Tabula Rasa
* “Blank slate”
* When we are born, we are blank – there is no preconceived ideas and through our experiences we are imprinted on
* LOCKE

Cogito Ergo Sum
* “I think, therefore I am”
* DESCARTES

Novum Organum
* “New Organism”
* Bacon hopes that empirical investigation will, similarly, smash the old scientific ideas and lead to greater understanding of the world and heavens.
* FRANCIS BACON

A Priori
* Before me (before human experience); existing in the mind prior to an independent of experience, as a faculty or character trait; no experience needed

A Posteriori
* After me; knowledge required through our experiences and senses; from particular instances to a general principle or law; based upon actual observation or upon experimental data

Purism
* Acquisition of knowledge through our senses and experiences

Metacognition
* To be aware of our existence
* “Life is what you make it”

Humanism
* Thinking about the philosophies of this life and the world we live in today

Pedagogy
*

Metaphysics
* Deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, substance, cause, identity, time, and space
* Abstract theory or talk with no basis in reality

Solipsism
* The mind creates the world around us
* Does the world exist outside of the mind?

SCHOOLS OF EPISTEMOLOGY:
Epistemology
* Acquisition of knowledge

Empiricism
* Doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience

Rationalism
* All knowledge is expressible in self- evident propositions or their consequences
* Acquisition of knowledge through our mind (reasoning/critical thinking)
Mysticism
* God given revelation; given knowledge through some kind of spiritual/supernatural entity
Scepticism
* Belief that absolute knowledge does not exist
Pragmatism
* Belief that watching people and seeing how things turn out (result orientated)
PERSONALITIES (PHILOSOPHERS):

CHARLEMAGNE
* Responsible for the renaissance
* Renaissance
* Began in Italy
* “Rebirth of the classical period”
* Starting again with the material that was destroyed in the past
* Challenge ideas and power; period of questioning
* ENGLIGHTENMENT IS A REACTION TO THE RENAISSANCE

FRANCIS BACON
* Novum Ogranum (New Organism)

DECARTES
* Writing during Renaissance
* Rationalist
* “I think, therefore I am” = “I doubt, therefore I think”
* All ideas begin in the mind
* We can be deceived by our senses; our senses can distract our mind
* We live in an imperfect world; we are imperfect (God is perfection we are not)
* Identity resides in our mind and our body gets us around
* “Life is what you make it”
* METHOD OF INQUIRY (4 STEP PROCESS TO ARRIVE TO TRUTH)
1. Accept nothing as true which I did not clearly recognize to be so – you have to have first hand knowledge to know