Essay about Conflict: French and Indian War and Indian Allies

Submitted By carteralford
Words: 829
Pages: 4

Conflict Conflict is one of the more important themes in American History, from the actual fighting of battles to religious struggles in the community. Conflict shaped what our great country is today and led us up to the Revolutionary War. There are numerous conflicts in the first hundred years of American history but the ones that are most significant leading up to the Revolutionary War are the King Williams War, Queen Anne’s War, King George’s War, and The French and Indian War. The King Williams War also known as the War of the League of Augsburg came after the Glorious Revolution over in England. This saw King James thrown from his crown and fled to France. England and France where fighting in Europe over power of middle Europe. While in America, the British, colonialist and the French were already fighting for territorial claims and trading. When the news of war in Europe reached America, sides were drawn and fighting broke out. In 1697 Canadian and New England colonists divided in support of their mother countries and, together with their Indian allies, assumed primary responsibility for their own defense. The British, led by Sir William Phips, captured Port Royal, Nova Scotia, but failed at Quebec. The French and Indians under the Count de Frontenac carried out successful attacks on New York, New Hampshire, and Maine but failed against Boston. The war ended with the Treaty of Rijswijk in 1697. This war was one of the first examples of the colonist fighting independently together to defend their turf. The second war was the Queen Anne’s War. It was the second war fought between Great Britain and France in the colonies and frontier for control over North America. It was happening at the same time as the War of the Spanish Succession in Europe over Austria and France holding rival claims to the Spanish throne. British military was sent to the colonists to defend the area around Charleston and the exposed New York and New England frontier from Canada. English settlements were subject to brutal raids by French forces and their Indian allies. One of the major and most bloody battles of the war was the Attack on Deerfield. After the British capture of Port Royal, French-ruled Acadia became the British province of Nova Scotia. In addition, under the terms of the Treaties of Utrecht in 1713, Britain acquired Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay region from France. This was the second example of colonialist banding together for a common cause. The third conflict is King Georges War. This was the North American phase of the War of the Austrian Succession which started in 1743, third and inconclusive struggle between France and Great Britain for the North American continent. The war was a lot of bloody border raids by both sides with the aid of their Indian allies. The only important victory was the New Englanders under William Pepperall captured Louisbourg on June 15, 1745. Despite ambitious plans, there was little military aid from either mother country. Both countries where tired of costly and vain struggle, the warring parties signed the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748, restoring conquered territory. The final conflict was the French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years…