Bullying in public schools among the teens is the conflict at hand. The American Psychological Association refers it to aggressive conducts within which a n individual deliberately and constantly cause a feeling of discomfort or injury to another person. Bullying may take three forms namely; physical bullying, verbal bullying and relational bullying. For the social bullying the victim may face damaged reputation or relationship with others. Physical bullying involves the bully damaging the victims property or their body the most common forms of physical bullying being spitting, pinching, hitting among others. On the other hand, verbal bullying results from utterance and writing of nasty words.
The motivation of bullies is the attainment of high status within the peer groups where they acquire influential dominant ranks. Bullying occur mostly during teenage because at this stage bullies are in pursuit of peer position that they deem most important. Victims of bullying in most cases are those who are insecure, those with some physical frail, those rejected by their peers and those ranked to be low. These groups of people are vulnerable to bullying due to the fear and low self-esteem.
The parties to bullying are the bully, the victim and the bystanders who observe the bullying taking place. Rivers and Noret (2010) notes that one can play a more than one role in a bullying event The common roles are as a defender of the victim where they empathize with them by providing support and consoling the victim. The victims tend to display depression, high self-esteem and reduced anxiety.
Bullying takes place in school building, school buses, libraries, hallways and play grounds (Government of Alberta, n.d.). It can also happen in social functions such as clubs. The concern over bullying is the victimization it has to the victims rendering them to a feeling that they are less human beings. Bullying victims decline in academic participation as evidenced by missing, skipping or even dropping out of school. According to Stop Bullying, the victims may further experience anxiety, loneliness, sadness and depression.
Peer mediation is the most preferable way to solve the above conflict. It involves the corrective process where the bully, the victim, schools staffs and administration and the bystander all coming together. According to Skiba and Reece, peer mediation seeks finding solution by ensuring a win-win condition is struck. The peer mediator undergoes training to acquire the knowledge and skills to be used in the conflict resolution. This method is preferable due to a pool of advantages including building confidence and competences.
The ethical issues here that is likely to be favoritism where the peer mediator may favor the victim out of the dislike of the bullies’ actions. This can be addressed by using the principle of impartiality that advocates for mediation that is free from biasness and prejudice. Another ethical issue that might come up is disclosure of confidential information that should not be made known to the public. The guiding principle here will be confidentiality; it stipulates that the mediator is allowed to disclose information obtained during the peer mediation only if the parties to the arbitration agree on the same. The above issues can be addressed by the peer mediator maintaining both the principles of confidentiality and impartiality.
Discrimination is another example of real life conflict. Discrimination in an organization setting can be a source of heated conflict. It has the potential of resulting to legal trouble to a company and its owners. The conflict can arise due to personal prejudice of employees and also the perception by the employees of mistreatment.
A perfect example for our case is when a minority employee in a given team feels that he is