Conspiracy Theory as a Sign of a Deeper Problem Conspiracy theorists and their creators are often mislead and confused about whichever institution they are targeting or event they are speculating about. These people have little understanding of, or are confused by some powerful institution or think that these institutions are taking away some of their autonomy and repressing them. In order to cope with this uncomfortable feeling, they create conspiracy theories as a way to make sense of such large organizations or to explain the way that they believe they are being controlled. Jameson, Žižek, and Melley all present some similar form of this argument in their respective writings and each comes to more or less the same conclusions. All three writers present the idea that conspiracy theorists do not just decide to become paranoid and begin creating insane ideology to believe in, rather they are fearful of the unknown or do not have a thorough understanding of an entity that exerts some sort of control over them, no matter how little, and use conspiracies as a way to put their minds at ease and explain the behavior of what they perceive to be potentially threatening organizations. Each author presents a similar explanation for conspiracy theorists’ behavior and each constructs a compelling argument for why their reasoning is correct. Jameson’s argument for the causes of conspiracy theories in his chapter entitled Cognitive Mapping is pretty complex and difficult to follow but does offer a valid commentary on why people often turn to conspiracy theory as an explanation. The first mention that he makes regarding conspiracies is when he states that there is “a growing contradiction between lived experience and structure, or between a phenomenological description of the life of an individual and a more properly structural model of the conditions of existence of that experience.” (Jameson 278). This perfectly depicts the relationship that conspiracy theorists have with the world around them. It demonstrates that there is an identifiable difference between what the individual experiences in the world and the events that are actually taking place. Shortly following this revelation, Jameson reiterates this point saying that “those fundamental realities are somehow ultimately unrepresentable or, to use the Althusserian phrase, are something like an absent cause, one that can never emerge into the presence of perception,” but then says that “this absent cause can find figures through which to express itself in distorted and symbolic ways,” again relaying the idea that paranoiacs view reality differently and find alternative ways of representing their perceptions of the world through conspiracy theories (279). Timothy Melley is the second author who addresses the underlying causes for people finding solace in conspiracy theories. He declares that what “[he] hope[s] to show is that ‘paranoid’ interpretations are often complex and self-defeating attempts to preserve a familiar concept of individual action that is at odds with sociological work,” and that this occasionally amounts “to a fraught and paradoxical defense of liberal individualism itself,” in short, he is saying that people will invent complex theories that do not support themselves to create a familiar or comforting environment or situation despite the fact that it contradicts reality and cannot be adequately supported (Melley 23). Another cause of conspiracy theories is that people experience “agency panic,” which Melley defines as an “intense anxiety about an apparent loss of autonomy or self-control—the conviction that one’s actions are being controlled by someone else, that one has been “constructed” by powerful external agents,” (Melley 12) this is another scenario that leads to the creation of conspiracy theories, people like to have some sort of assurance, no matter if its fabricated or real, that they have a thorough understanding of the forces that are influencing…
some plastic surgery, and planning this imposter could fake anyone.
When people look at pictures of
from 1966 to 1967 they can tell there
are many differences. Still now
could argue that these are just the natural signs of him
ageing. But also, the details
his change of height, the change in face structure, even the natural
. The tremendous amount of evidence showing how much he changes even
in a short period of time in no coincidence…
Conspiracy theories often have a bad meaning behind them. Many people
tend to over exaggerate some of the “facts” or main points behind them, which
make them seem so dumb. All though conspiracy theories often have very many
good points that really make people think twice, they are usually proven to be
wrong or just to crazy to believe. So why do people believe them? Well some people just like to believe the ﬁrst thing that people read to them, and just automatically assume its true.…
What are the fundamental tenets of semiotic theory, and what is its
significance for twentieth century and/or contemporary art? Summarize its
basic precepts and implications, and critically evaluate its strengths and
weaknesses for interpreting at least one twentieth century artist or artistic
Semiotics, a well established discipline of signs and their use in human and
History of the Illuminati Master Conspiracy
In dealing with an emotionally-charged topic such as conspiracy, to avoid confusion it is necessary to begin with a definition of the concept. Conspiracy is a human activity involving more than one person. The parties to this activity are advancing basically the same or common objectives, and are advancing objectives which, by very reasonable standards, are personally harmful, evil or destructive. And, finally, they're doing all this either in secret…
disaster, one of the most urgent problems at the scene is the overwhelming number of patients that must be monitored and tracked by each first responder. The ability to automate these tasks could greatly relieve the workload for each responder, increase the quality and quantity of patient care, and more efficiently deliver patients to the hospital. Our system accomplishes this through the following technologies: • Wearable sensors to sense and record vital signs into an
electronic patient record…
United States and Soviet relations.3 However, with every major event in history, there will always be conspiracy theories to go along with it. In relation with the moon landing, many theorists claim, “the U.S. government, desperate to beat the Russians in the space race, faked the lunar landings, with Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin acting out their mission on a secret film set, located (depending on the theory) either high in the Hollywood Hills or deep within Area 51.”4 However, we must take into account…
such as computers, tablets, and calculators, then they will not be able to develop a deeper understanding of the math concepts presented within their course.
Converse: If the students develop a deeper understanding of the math concepts presented within their course, then the students are allowed to use technology such as computers, tablets, and calculators.
Contrapositive: If the students do not develop a deeper understanding of the math concepts presented within their course then they will not…
take two jobs to complete the tasks that one job could handle without delays due to worsening surface transportation infrastructure. Third, related to productivity effects, degrading surface transportation conditions will generate jobs to address problems created by worsening conditions in sectors such as transportation services and automobile repair services. Overall job losses are mitigated by more¶ people working for less money and less ¶ productively due to the diminished effectiveness of the…
Examine and assess the usefulness of one of the following theories of crime and deviance in terms of explaining crime and the social problems in modern society.
A subculture is a cultural subgroup. They are considered opposite from the mainstream culture because of their uniqueness. They form when the mainstream culture fails to meet the needs of a particular group of people. Subculture theories primarily focus on crime and Juvenile delinquency. Theorists believe that if this pattern of offending…
to grow or manufacture, which will make the product of United State increase skyrocket and lose its manufacture bases. In result, it will destroy the role of world’s reserve currency to U.S. dollar.
In the documentary College Conspiracy, it talked about the reality of the United States’ education business which provides nothing useful to learn but just a degree that is worthless. The number of students who graduated from college is so large that the degree become meaningless and…