‘Constitution’, the term that always lets us form an image of fair treatment in our mind. The reason why is because, it is designed to protect the people’s freedom and if such laws didn’t exist then the U.S. would be upside down. However, back in the time of the American Civil War, the constitution had to be changed because the issue on slavery during that time was very severe. Slaves at that time-preferred north than the south, thus many escaped from the south. However, the south were against it, and made the fugitive slave clause which states that slaves should return back to the south if caught by the government. Apparently, 99% of the population of the south was filled with slaves, which is why there were some problem between the north and the south. It gave more seats to the south in the House of Representatives, and the north were against it, thus, the 3/5th clause was added to the constitution. This clause sates that only 3/5th of the slave will be counted in the House of Representative. The African-American were dehumanized whereas the whites were treated superior to them. This discrimination and unfair treatment was strongly supported by the south but the north was against it. Thus, this caused the civil war and later the north defeated the south. Right after the civil war, the 13th, 14th, and the 15th amendments were included to the constitution to change the African –American life. Despite of adding all these changes to the constitution, it still didn’t protect the rights of African-Americans. Provided that the 13th amendment clearly says to abolish slavery, 14th to grant citizenship to all the former slaves, and the 15th to give access to all the citizens to vote, no matter what race, the discrimination was still present. Rights had been taken away indirectly after the civil war, for example, the poll tax, grandfather clause and Jim Crow Laws. As a citizen you must be eligible to vote, but the grandfather clause states that it only allows those to vote whose grandfather could vote. Which indirectly stops the Africans to vote because their ancestors were slaves when they first came here. Likewise, the poll tax is also a similar case because you must pay to vote and no African-Americans were that rich enough to spent money to vote. In addition to it, the Jim Crow Law segregates public schools, places, transportation, restrooms and restaurants for whites and black even after the civil war. Cases like Plessey vs. Ferguson had also taken place after the changes to the constitution. This case was held because Plessey was arrested for refusing to sit in the black railway car. Later, the case was brought up to the Supreme Court and it legalized racial segregation. As a matter of fact, the African-American stood up against all these amendments that were directly, or indirectly violating their rights. They wanted to end this hatred and discrimination. Thus, they attempted boycott, Civil Rights of 1984, equal rights clause, and Little Rock, AK. During the Civil Rights of 1964 they targeted to provide equal rights to all color, and any…
The Declaration of Independence states "that all Men are created equal." What did
the Founders mean by “all Men”? How have Constitutional amendments, federal laws
and the courts expanded or contracted Americans’ civil rights over time? Provide
examples to back up what you say. Discuss one controversy during the past ten years
over civil rights, presenting both sides of the argument.
American’s civil rights is defined as the equality of all men regardless of their demographic, gender, sexuality…
Losing the right to vote. The end of Reconstruction did not mean an end to African‐American political influence in the South. Blacks continued to serve in several state legislatures as late as 1900 and were even elected to Congress after 1877, albeit from all‐black districts. However, a change took place in the 1890s as attitudes about race became more strongly felt and the prospect of an electoral alliance between poor whites and blacks that could threaten the power structure became a possibility…
American Government Chapter 5 Study Guide
Learn the Terms
Affirmative action, p.155 Policies designed to give special attention or compensatory treatment to members of a previously disadvantaged group.
Black Codes, p. 122 Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
Brown v. Board of Education (1954), p.128 U.S. Supreme Court decision holding that school segregation is inherently unconstitutional because it violates the Fourteenth amendment’s…
Name __Cecile Wijnen______ Period __4___ Due on _4/24_
Civil Rights – Chapter16 page 438
1. What issues were raised with respect to Elizabeth Brose in the Seattle school case?
The issues raised were busing and integrating students into schools based on their race, without a court order. Parents who’s children were placed into the unfavorable school of their liking complained. Eventually Brose and pursued the case in the courts.
2. How did the Supreme Court rule in this education case?
In this education…
The Hardest Times 3/19/10
By, Charlotte Toal
In 1865 the 13th amendment, which outlawed slavery was ratified. It said that it was against a person’s rights to be a slave. The amendment freed slaves in the United States without limitation. However, although the amendment said that a person could not be forced into slavery, they could be if it was a punishment for a crime. It was a very cruel punishment for a crime. Usually that didn’t happen unless it was in the south. The 14th…
(hereinafter Brown). </p>
<p>After the Civil War, slavery was abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1865, and The fourteenth Amendment, added to the Constitution in 1868, contains the Equal Protection Clause, which provides that no state shall “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law”. However, the equality was denied to African Americans for years, which included discrimination in housing, transportation, education, jobs, service at restaurant…
American Citizens and Political Culture
The Basics for American Political Culture
Culture: manifestations of human intellectual achievement regard collectively
Political Culture: Collective beliefs about government
American Political Culture: The shared values and beliefs about the nature of the American political world
Ex. Free Speech, Government, Liberty, Democracy, Equality
Equality of opportunity v. equality of outcome
American Political Culture: Defining…
Supreme Court decisions of the 20th century, unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of theFourteenth Amendment. Although the decision did not succeed in fully desegregating public education in the United States, it put the Constitution on the side of racial equality and galvanized the nascent civil rights movement into a full revolution.
In 1954, large portions of the United States had racially segregated schools, made legal by Plessy…
Slavery has been in existence since 1619 in America when the first American slaves were brought to Northern American colony in Jamestown Virginia. They were to aid the production of such crops as tobacco and before the early 1400’s in Europe from the Classical times and throughout the early medieval times. By the 11th and 12th century it had been abolished by the North and Classical style slavery remained in the Southern and Eastern Europe as a normal part of society for trade and thus began to…
Chapter 5 Notes (pg. 151-165)
Civil Rights and Public Policy
Politics in Action: Launching the Civil Rights Movement
Rosa Parks, a 42-year-old seamstress and member of the NAACP, got arrested on a Montgomery, Alabama city bus on December 1, 1955. The bus driver was J.F. Blake. This sent the civil rights movement into high gear. Her refusal to give up her seat led to extensive mobilization of African Americans.
MLK organized a boycott of the city buses. It took the US SC to end the boycott.…