Dutch Resistance/The Treatment of Jews
The Dutch Resistance was fighting against the Nazis, even though they knew that the Germans were stronger and had more firepower.
The Resistance was helping Jews, by harbouring them from the Nazis. The Nazis gave the Jews different cards and they were not allowed to do anything and slowly were deported out of Holland to the concentration camps etc.
They were not even allowed to ride bikes or move around with any sort of freedom.
The way they were trying to eliminate the entire race of Jews and were trying to remove all of them from all over the world. Some fought against it as they knew they would die, so they thought they could die trying rather than sulking.
The Nazis isolated the Jews from the rest of society, and made them feel like outsiders. They forced them into trains for 3 days with no food or water and also they were all squashed up in the trains so there was no space, horrible memories.
The Nazi Occupation of Holland
Nazi Germany invaded Holland on 10 May 1940, Holland wanted to stay neutral but nobody listened to this. Most the Jews were killed in the conflict around 75%.
Some Dutch men and women were forced to collaborate with the Germans
The Royal Family went into exile in England.
The trade union movement made attempts to protect the Jews in the Netherlands and in February 1941 they called an anti-persecution strike. However, they were unable to stop 100,000 Dutch Jews from being deported and murdered in extermination camps in Nazi Germany.
Haarlemmers survived during the Hunger Winter by eating tulip bulbs stored in sheds in the sandy fields around the city.
Hundreds of people had to leave their houses and were forced to stay with other citizens, who did not welcome them with open arms, since many were already starving.
The German occupiers built a thick, black wall through the Haarlemmerhout (in the south of the city), as well as at the Jan Gijzenvaart in the evacuated area. The wall was called Mauer-muur and was meant to help defend the city.
Post War Holland and Other Conflicts
3 of the 4 videos didn’t work on my MacBook.
In the early post-war years the Netherlands made continued attempts to expand its territory by annexing