10. Did Emily Dickinson believe that she could see with her own eyes and nothing more? How good a transcendentalist( ng tin thuyết tiên nghiệm) ( Những người theo thuyết tiên nghiệm cho rằng kiến thức mà ta có được thực ra đã có sẵng từ trước hoặc ngay khi sinh ra chứ không phải do kinh nghiệm, học hỏi mà có) to do think she should have made?
9. Figures of speech is particularly interesting:
SUCCESS IS COUNTED SWEETEST
Success is counted sweetest
By those who ne'er succeed.
To comprehend a nectar
Requires sorest need.
This stanza establishes the theme: that the person who best understands the meaning of success is the person who fails. This quatrain can stand alone as a completed observation.
“Nectar” : In Greek mythology, nectar was the drink of the gods, conferring on them immortality. In common usage, a nectar is any delectable drink or, figuratively, any uplifting experience.
Not one of all the purple Host
Who took the Flag today
Can tell the definition,
So clear of Victory
This stanza introduces military imagery: purple Host (army) and took the Flag (captured the flag, signifying victory), but it cannot stand alone as a completed observation. Rather, it requires the third stanza to complete its meaning.
“Purple” : (1) Bloodstained; (2) purple attire, emblematic of high rank
As he defeated, dying,
On whose forbidden ear
The distant strain of triumph
Burst agonized and clear.
The third stanza completes the second, saying that a defeated soldier, dying, fully comprehends the meaning of victory when he hears the enemy celebrating.
Point of View and Tone :
.......The poem uses third-person point of view, in which the speaker (narrator) observes a battle and concludes that only the defeated warrior, hearing the enemy's noisy victory celebration, completely understands success. The tone is unemotional and impersonal; the speaker is reporting and interpreting what she sees but refrains from expressing sympathy or compassion.
Only failures fully understand the meaning of success. Dickinson announces this theme in the first two lines: "Success is counted sweetest”, “ By those who ne'er succeed." Appreciating a boon requires privation. The poet enunciates this theme when she says, "To comprehend a nectar”, “Requires sorest need."
Figures of Speech
.......Paradox is the controlling figure of speech in the poem. It expresses the main theme: The person best qualified to evaluate the impact of success is the vanquished rather than the triumphant. Implicit in this paradoxical observation is that it can apply to anyone
.......Following are examples of figures of speech in the poem:
Success is counted sweetest
By those who ne'er succeed. (lines 1-2)
Ne'er (line 2) is an example of syncope, the omission of letters from the middle of a word.
10. How good a transcendentalist( ng tin thuyết tiên nghiệm) to do think she should have made?
I NEVER SAW MOOR
I never saw a Moor
I never saw the Sea
Yet know I how the Heather looks
And what a Billow be.
I never spoke with God
Nor visited in Heaven
Yet certain am I of the spot
As if the Checks were given
Mean of poem:
Although she has never seen a Moor (open, overgrown land) or the Sea, she claims that she knows how they look like.