Performance Perspective Inventory is a valid predictor of management skills and leadership through personality traits. Melani D. Bridges Capella University The Big Five Personality test is the most accepted and commonly used model of personality trait detection in field of psychology. Statically studied, the big five test was created to analyze responses to personality items. Factor analysis is a procedure use to capture the responses of individuals to hundreds and has been performed with multiple samples throughout the world and where it seems that this dimension to have unlimited personality variables, the big five explains a persons personality through categories of extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness to experience. The Big Five Personality dimension have been used in many test instruments and one in particular is the Performance Perspective Inventory which is designed to predict job performance, satisfaction and other occupational categories which hales a question of is the Performance Perspective Inventory a valid predictor of management skills and leadership through personality traits. The Performance Perspective Inventory is a test instrument design for the business atmosphere in which employees are given a155 item personality questionnaire that measures the Big Five personality extents that consist of 22 facets and seven occupational scales formulated to predict job, performance, satisfaction, selection, promotions and broader occupational sections. The initial estimates of reliability and convergent and discriminates validity provided by the Oregon Research Institute (Goldberg, 1999b) were asses using the data set of 989 respondents of American men and woman, China samples of graduate students and India samples all adults seeking employment or promotion (Goldberg, 1999b). The Big Five dimension can be scored by categories of stability(S), extraversion (E), openness(O), agreeable (A) and conscientiousness (C) and given in phrases of 2 to 10 words while employees respond accurately described phrases using a scale from 1 to 5. Scale scores are generated by raw scores and present on a percentile scale with the employees scores shown by specific symbol on a linear scales with ranges from low, average and high providing for several norming samples. The refinement sample ranked the females higher on Agreeableness, Implementing, and Providing Service with d .41, .26 and .32 where as men ranked high in analyzing with the d .40. The difference in male and female Big Five or Occupational scale means showed no significant neither did the difference amongst African American and Caucasians however, there were no scores available for gender and ethnic group that could be compared to the Performance Perspective Inventory component scores. Age and Educational level in the refinement sample was positively correlated with Agreeableness, Impression Management, Conscientiousness Implementing, Extraversion and Stability and negatively correlated with Openness, Creating and Analyzing with all correlations less than .24. The coefficient alpha reliability estimates for the Big Five Scale ranged from .78 to .88 for the refinement sample with coefficient alphas for component scale ranging from .72 to .87 with a mean of .795. Base on a 32 day interval for 73 case subset of the refinement sample the test retest reliability were comparable. Whereas the preliminary sample coefficient alphas were comparable with the refinement sample. However, finding the convergent validity instrument was assessed by correlating the preliminary sample and the Big Five scale scores with equivalent NEO-PI which resulted in .73, .75, -.85, .83, and .65 for A, C, S, E and O. Another correlation was based on samples of employees with ratings of peers using the Mini Maker Adjective Checklist resulted in .59, .44, .41, .36 and .46 for E, A, C, S and O. For instance, one study shows evidence of criterion related validity…
Literature Review in Research: An Annotated Bibliography
March 2, 2015
For years teen pregnancy has been a problem in many countries. Here in the United States teen pregnancy has raised, with no help from programs like Teen Mom on MTV and the National Geographic’s channel. Most people see a dramatic version of what it might be like with the cameras on, but when the cameras off, life takes a completely different turn. You do not have anyone paying…
Review of Literature: Health Promotion 2
Health promotion is an essential health care issue that should be implemented by all members of the health care team (Hosseini, Torab, Taghdisi, & Vardanjani, 2013). Nurses play a critical role in health promotion for patients, family, and community because we provide direct patient care and are able to see the whole picture of the client’s situation. The population of people with chronic illness is increasing and the health care needs of clients…
Health Promotion Literature Review
Mary Ann Ray
Grand Canyon University: - NRS 429V
July 13, 2013
There was a time in history when health meant simply the absence of illness or disease. Today health means so much more and a new era has dawned . Today medical personell promote health not just prevent disease. Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health (World Health Organization, n.d.). It encompasses a combination of…
Reviewing Literature & CRITICAL THINKING
As you progress through your undergraduate studies, you will be expected to undertake an increasing amount of background reading in order to broaden and deepen your level of knowledge and understanding.
However, simply reading chapters of books and journal articles is not enough. You should avoid the temptation to treat all academic work as ‘the truth’ – some academics’ work is clearly less adequate or credible than others. Whenever you read something…
Factors Influencing Increased Drinking Problems in Adolescents
It is obvious that alcohol is a popular substance among the youth age group. It is seen as fun, exhilarating and common in the midst of social gatherings. Underage drinking is seen all throughout society; movies, television shows, magazines, the internet...take a look outside on the weekends. It is a question among some adults as to why teenagers see the need to drink alcohol, so heavily for that fact, at such…
Writing a Critical Review
What criteria can be used for evaluating an article?
The following criteria are useful:
• the timeliness of the article
• the degree to which the article makes an original contribution
• the logic of the view put forward
• the validity of the evidence put forward
• the theoretical framework used
Is the framework valid?
Has the framework been applied appropriately?
• the methodology used
Is the methodology appropriate?
Is the methodological approach explained…
almost non-existent to an approach that involves a continuous change in practice, focussing on implementing a child friendly and loving environment, that allows families to be an integral part of care (Jolley & Shields, 2009).
The purpose of this literature review is to gain a better understanding of the parent’s perspective of the care that their child receives during their time in an acute care setting, whilst identifying and exploring common themes of (i) being present and involved, and (ii) a willingness…
In researching various methods of profiting from social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, we found that there wasn’t much literature on the topic. Most articles touch upon how companies are using social media to aid in their business, but this is not the point in our research. We are looking to find how individuals’ use of social media can potentially earn them some sort of income. In the abundance of research on our topic, we will turn to see how businesses and…
specifically, their involvement are one key issue that can determine where the child ends up in the future. Research show various opinions on whether or not parental involvement has any affect or possibly hinder the child.
INTRODUCTION: This literature review began with certain questions such as “Will children do better in the classroom if they have more parental involvement”, “Are children now days doing worse in school because both parents work” and lastly “How much help should I give a child so…
Running Head: LITERATURE REVIEW: DOES HOMEWORK INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT?
LITERATURE REVIEW: DOES HOMEWORK INCREASE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT?
Problem Sheet 3: Review of the Literature
1. What are the specific problem(s) or question(s) to be addressed in your literature review: The Value of Homework in Student Achievement. Is there a positive effect? Negative effect? No effect ?
2. What general reference tools did you…