Global Period 3B
The Crusaders The Crusades were military journeys attempted by Western European Christians during the late eleventh century through the late thirteenth century. The purpose of the Crusades, was to travel, and save, the city of Jerusalem from the control of the Muslims. During the mideleventh century, Muslim Turks conquered Syria and Palestine, causing concern among Western
Christians. The Crusaders were one of the most passionate armies because of what they were after, the Holy Land. And in the year 1095, the journeys of the Crusaders started. At this time, Pope Urban II preached a sermon at the Council of Clermont in which he proposed that Western European noblemen and their armies join ranks with the Eastern Christian
Byzantine Emperor and his forces in order to mount an attack against the Muslim Turks.
Between 1097 and 1099, these combined forces of the First Crusade destroyed the Turkish army at Dorylaeum, conquered the Syrian city of Antioch, and captured Jerusalem. The Crusaders were often known as a successful failure. The Crusades purpose was to take over the Holy
Lands. Much of the ambition was to just save the place instead of saving it. Sometimes there was a success and the crusaders held it but it was never held for very long, yet they did hold
Jerusalem for quite a long time. But that is just a drop in the timeline for the Mideast. Eventually,
the Crusaders were kicked out. Last, we still feel the effects of this effort. Many of the Islamic nations still remember it as if it was yesterday and they are not fond of those memories. Hence a successful failure. The Crusaders have been extremely important to the Western Europe military because they shaped the way that the military in Western Europe is shaped. Before the First Crusades, the ones who invaded the Turks and the Muslims, were the crusaders that went to the Holy Land to find peace and prosperity. Those Crusaders were the peasants and the merchants, who led other peasants and merchants to Jerusalem, the Holy Land.
Some of the most famous Crusaders that led a group of people just like him were Peter the
Hermit. Another famous Crusader was a fourteen year old boy by the name of John, who led a group of twelve year