Cuba Notes * John Paul Jones II: pope used his fame to draw to the sufferings * Heroic figure; kind of Communist * Solidarity: dock workers’ union * Soviet Leadership: crackdown on the dock worker’s leadership * Brezhnev Doctrine: Communist version of the Truman Doctrine (containment of Communism) * Could have been the justification for the Soviets crushing the Hungarian uprising in 1986 * 1968: Prague Spring * 1979: End of détente when Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan * Strategic Defense Initiative: by Reagan; * Purpose: make nuclear weapons obsolete * Bargaining chips: Bluff * Gorbachev: * Glasnost: openness * Perestroika: economic reconstruction Cuba * “Flagship Colony”: leads the fleet…where the captain is on * Cuba’s main purpose: agriculture; * Most important product= sugar * Monoculture: export economy; export to sell in other parts of the world * Sugar Production: grows sugar cane * 1) Slaves cut w/ machete (manual labor) 2) Mill turns it into rum, sugar, or molasses * Size of farms and mills increased as technology increased * 10 Years War (1868-1878): War of Independence * “Shackles of the colonial system”: they can only pay taxes/ trade with their mother countries * Zenaphobia: fear/hatred of foreigners * Latter 1820’s: most of Latin America was free, except Cuba * Pact of Zan Holme: didn’t grant independence; regional autonomy to Cuba * US happy to trade with Cuba * 1878: lots of opportunities for US investments * Latifundio: hacienda system; underemployment and suffering of workers * McKinley Tariff Act: US-Cuba economic policy removing duty on sugar * Jose Marti: poet; Cuban nationalist * Formed Cuban revolution party; anti-Spanish movement * USS Maine: presumed attack in the Havana Harbor which was there to keep an eye on US interests…”friendly visit” * Age of Imperialism: US & UK interests= resources, precious goods, land, power * White Man’s Burden: satire by Rudyard Kipling * US had the same as the attitude as the British seen in HoD * Spanish American War (1895-1898): US won * Secretary of State: John Hay * American commanders clashed w/ the Cuban * More Americans dying from yellow fever than bullets * Secretary of the Navy: Teddy Roosevelt * Yellow Journalists exaggerated Roosevelt’s stories to make him look good * 1899-1902: US occupied Cuba * Goals of US occupations w/ use of Cuban Treasury: 1) Rebuild Cuba to help US investment (mostly sugar) * Mills, farms, latifundia, ports, ships, docks, gas, telegraph lines, banks, hotels, restaurants; * Chance to improve while rebuilding 2) Eradicate yellow fever by cleaning up water supplies, fumigate, & drain up swamps 3) Build educational system 4) Build police force & military system 5) Self-governing Protectorate/ Self-Autonomous Satellite: still controlled by the US 6) Constitution for Cuba: written by the US * Platt Amendment: US can intervene to protect Cuban independence * Est. Guantanamo Bay as a US naval base * Favorable for life and property * Post- Spanish- American War: More people becoming under-employed and landless * People don’t work enough hours * Most people worked on farms; rich continued to get richer * Mono-culture: rich can weather the storm, but the poor are greatly affected * # of mills drastically reduced; economic downtimes=cheap land * Poor being poor=opposition * Castro’s enemy= Batista * Emerged on political scene in 1933 (Revolution of 1933) * Batista was a sergeant who staged a coupe with the other officers; non-commissioned officer * Machado: overthrown by popular uprising in 1933; ruled as a ruthless dictator * Romon Grau: handed over the power under a provisional government * Too liberal in the eyes of US * His party= Autentico Party *…
Composition 5 (Cuba)
In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on and claimed the island now occupied by Cuba, for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba is an Island in the Caribbean, the nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, as well as the Isla de la Juventud. Recent population estimates 11.6 Million to 11.17 Million Cubans occupy the Island, the population of Cuba has very complex with intermarriage between diverse groups. Cuba has faced many challenges since being discovered by Christopher…
I would like to bring to your attention the last resolution voted by the General Assembly of the United Nations which asks our country to lift the economic embargo on Cuba. This twenty-first resolution related to the embargo on Cuba shows that more and more countries show their support to the Cuban regime, which puts pressure on the American diplomacy. The resolution was approved by 188 votes, and the representatives of different countries, including some of our strongest…
In April 1961, Cuban exiles that were trained by the CIA and military forces, landed on the Bay of Pigs in Cuba. Their mission was to over throw the Cuban leader Fidel Castro. This mission was a major failure many men getting killed and even more were taken in as prisoners of war. Who was to blame for this disaster? The CIA were planning this even before president Kennedy was even in office, but Kennedy was the president at the time the mission was in its final stage and close to happening.…
* The US embargo is the only power the US has over the Castro dictatorship. According to the 1996 Helms-Burton Act the United States is morally obligated to encourage and support human rights. It would be morally incorrect to give the Cuban government what they want and remove the embargo.
* If the embargo was lifted the living standards in Cuba would not increase, on the other hand the government would put all the money in its pocket because it’s a communist country.
* As Jeff Jacoby…
Cuba the communist island in the Caribbean Sea, with very hard life, with bright doctors, musician, baseball players, artist, actors, poets, writers, with traditional exportation like a Cuban or Habana cigarettes, and interesting people.
Cuban American culture came from Cuba a little island at North of Florida, Cuba is an island nation located on the northern of the Caribbean Sea, by the Antilles. To Cuba's east is the island of Hispaniola, shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic…
WHAT CUBA HAS ACHIEVED
Interpreting the pluses and minuses of Cuba’s revolutionary experience can
be controversial, because Cuba is an inherently politicized topic.
The achievements (see Keen and Haynes, 2000: 447–448) are very impressive
and very real: By 1990, unemployment had been virtually wiped out;
Cuba’s rate was the lowest in Latin America. Income distribution is also the
fairest in Latin America. Rents were limited right after the revolution to 10
percent of one’s income. There…
The CIA organised a uprising of the Cuban exiles at the bay of pigs in April 1961
The USA banned all trade with Cuba in the autumn of 1960
Fidel Castro nationalised all industry in July 1961
Khrushchev announces that he will protect Cuba by any means necessary against the USA.
Khrushchev placed missiles on Cuba in order to test Kennedy. This was because Kennedy was a new, young president so announced in September 1961 to see if he could threaten him. Khrushchev…
What ‘type’ of revolution was Castro’s revolution?
Relatively peaceful, It was political and popular.
What was America’s reaction to the Cuban revolution?
At first Eisenhower ignored it as he was “too busy”, after I became clear that Cuba was nationalist and had claimed foreign oil refineries. Over 1billion dollars’ worth. Eisenhower placed a trade embargo and started training Cuban exiles to be revolutionary terrorists. It was devastating and caused immense enmity, exiles trained to…
May 5, 2013
Sanctions on Cuba
Cuba is a communist country currently under the rule of Raul Castro. As of now, the United States has rules against traveling to and trading with Cuba. Fidel Castro put these in place a little over fifty years ago. Back then there was a need for these rules, especially because of the Cuban Missile Crisis, which was part of the Cold War. There were many disagreements, but those have been surpassed over time and no longer pose an…