David Hume God And Evil Essay

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A Perfect God in a World with Evil?

The orthodox theist defines God as an all-good, all-knowing and all-powerful being (Rauhut 186). An all-knowing God would be aware of all the evil and all the suffering taking place in this world. An all-powerful God would have the capacity to do something to prevent this evil and this suffering. Finally, an all-good God would have the want and the will to prevent all that evil and suffering and do something about it("Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy" ).This brings us to the question: If such a God exists, why is there so much evil in our world? While David Hume argues that an all-good, an all-knowing and an all-powerful God has to prevent evil and suffering from our world in order to exist(Rauhut 186),
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He published many important works like A Treatise of Human Nature, Of Morals, the two-volume Essays, Moral and Political, Three Essays (his first book not published anonymously) and many more which were all very important for atheism. David Hume believes that if God was really all-good, all-knowing and all-powerful, the world should really be a better place where evil would not exist because God would have the power and will to prevent it and evil would therefore not be a part of our world. David Hume holds that it is not rational to believe that this kind of being exists because an all-powerful, all-good and …show more content…
This professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame is one of the most important Christian philosopher of this age. This American philosopher provides many arguments to prove the existence of God. He published many important books for philosophy like God and other minds, The Nature of Necessity and Warranted Christian Belief. Alvin Plantiga believes that such a being does exist and that the argument of The Logical Problem of Evil against the existence of God is not valid. He believes that evil and the existence of God are actually logically consistent which means that it is possible that evil and God exist at the same time (Rauhut 16) and the simple fact that God gave us free will explains the problem of evil. Plantinga holds that there is then no logical contradiction between the existence of this perfect God and the existence of evil (Manis 153). He believes that even an all-good, all-knowing and all-powerful being does not have complete control over human beings because he gave them the power of freedom of their own actions (free will) (Rauhut 188). Therefore, God knew that free human beings will not always act the right way and suffering and evil will often result from it and evil is a necessary issue for good things to happen. This then shows that the logical problem of evil is resolved because God is then not unwilling to prevent suffering and evil but does it so